The various movements based on digital openness – free software, open content, open data, open science, open government etc. – have made huge strides in recent years, and transformed many aspects of the modern world dramatically. But that is just the beginning. The key drivers of openness – the shift from analogue to digital, and global connectivity – imply much more: digital abundance. And that, in its turn, requires us to re-examine ancient intellectual monopolies born of analogue scarcity.
Talk by Glyn Moody, June 30th at 10:00, Track I
Glyn Moody is a writer, blogger and speaker. His journalism appears in national newspapers, magazines and online; he writes about open source, open knowledge and open culture at opendotdotdot.blogspot.com, and his blog about the use of free software in the enterprise is at blogs.computerworlduk.com/open-enterprise/.After gaining two degrees in mathematics from Cambridge University, Moody entered business journalism before specialising in the field of computers in 1983. He started writing, lecturing and consulting about business use of the Internet in early 1994, and about open source in 1995. In 1997 he wrote the first mainstream feature about GNU/Linux and free software, which appeared in Wired magazine.His book, “Rebel Code: Linux and the Open Source Revolution” – the only detailed history of free software written so far – was published in 2001. “Digital Code of Life: How Bioinformatics is Revolutionising Science, Medicine and Business” appeared in 2004, and explores the rise and importance of open genomics.
He is active on Twitter and identi.ca, and can be followed at email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org.
There has been growing interest in many circles, and especially in government, regarding ‘open data’. In this talk he’ll explain what open is, what’s its attraction is, especially for government information, and finally explain how governments and others can ‘go open’. Access to government data is essential to many of the webapps and digital services we’d like to see, from planning a journey to work to knowing where your taxes get spent. As well as covering the basic what, why, how of open data this talk will look at examples of some of the most interesting work in this area and provide a vision for what developing open data ecosystem could look like.
by Rufus Pollock on June 30th at 10:30 in Track I
Dr. Rufus Pollock is a Shuttleworth Foundation Fellow, an Associate of the Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Law at the University of Cambridge and a Director of the Open Knowledge Foundation which he co-founded in 2004. He has worked extensively as a scholar and developer on the social, legal and technological issues related to the creation and sharing of knowledge. Taken from: rufuspollock.org/about/
Panel by Alison Powell, Dannie Jost, Massimo Menichinelli and Jürgen Neumann, June 30th at 12:00, Track I
Alison Powell is a Fellow in Media and Communications at the London School of Economics, researching digital media policy, politics and advocacy. Her research examines the role of hackers, activists and advocates on the structure, function, and policy environment of the Internet. Her PhD, awarded in 2008, focused on the cultural and policy contributions of community wireless networking to Canadian cities. She has recently given attention to internet governance issues such as net neutrality and the conflict between child safety and freedom of speech, while continuing to critically investigate the role of open source modes of production on the democratization of communication.
Dannie Jost spent a few years studying biology, chemistry and physics and living in some cool places then landed in Switzerland to fall in love with a place called Bern. It was love at first sight, and it is a love hate relationship. By accident she was elected to that city’s parliament where she brings her liberal democratic views of governance and discovers that in political life there is a lot of emotion and a bit of rationality at play, and a lot to learn about that thing that they call life.
Her present day job as the science advisor at university institute where trade law and economics are taught and researched is all about inventing the path between the chaos of human affairs and the Utopian view of how it all should be ordered. More: wti.org/people/jost/
Jürgen Neumann is a consultant for ICT strategy and implementation who has worked for major German and international companies and non-profit projects for more than two decades. In 2002 he co-founded freifunk.net, a non-profit campaign to spread knowledge about open wireless networks. In 2007 he started the Open Hardware Initiative which in 2008 organized the first Open Technology Summit in Taiwan. Recently he is trying to ramp up the Open Source Hardware and Design Aliance and is lobbying for more open licensing models for the radio spectrum at openspectrum.eu.
Massimo Menichinelli is a designer working and researching on open collaborative projects and the systems that design them since 2005. He’s the founder of openp2pdesign.org, a community for the research and design of open, complex and collaborative projects, systems and processes, and has participated to conferences and has given lectures and workshops in Italy, Spain, Finland, South Korea, Singapore. Massimo Menichinelli is currently a doctoral candidate in the Media Lab of the Aalto University – School of Art and Design (Helsinki). His research covers co-design methodologies,tools and processes; open, collaborative and user-driven innovation; open and distributed organizations and business models; fabbing technologies and open manufacturing systems; social and technological innovations for cities and regions.
The past two years have seen the emergence of a powerful new force in e-government – the arrival of Open Government Data (OGD) initiatives. Nation states, regional authorities and cities are all setting up OGD programmes. The reasons are numerous and compelling; transparency and accountability, the drive to improve public services, efficiency and the creation of social and economic value are all advanced as reasons to publish public sector information. In June 2009 we began the process of setting up data.gov.uk – in the subsequent two years the UK has put thousands of datasets online. These range from geography to spending, crime to transport data. Not only has this work produced significant and tangible benefits for the UK it has also pioneered the use of linked data approaches to OGD – a next stage in the development of the Web. This talk will examine the lessons learnt, the future for such efforts around the world and consider how these developments fit into a wider open data context. It will also consider the challenges and difficulties we are likely to encounter as conitnue this exciting work.
by Nigel Shadbolt on June, 30th at 14:00 in Track I
Professor Nigel Shadbolt is Deputy Head (Research) of the School of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton. He is a Director of the Web Science Trust, and of the Web Foundation – organisations that seek to advance our understanding of the Web and promote the Web’s positive impact on society.
In June 2009 together with Sir Tim Berners-Lee he was appointed a Government Information Advisor to help transform public access to Government information – work which resulted in the data.gov.uk site. In May 2010 the Coalition Government appointed him to the Public Sector Transparency Board that oversees public data release. He is also Chair of the Local Public Data Panel within the Department of Communities and Local Government – this seeks to coordinate and promote local open data.
Nigel has researched and published over a wide range of topics; ranging from cognitive psychology to computational neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence to the Semantic Web. He was one of the originators of Web Science – this calls for a systems level approach to the Web that recognises the social and technical factors that shape its development. He has also been heavily involved with the commercial exploitation of research. Recent companies he has helped found include Garlik, Tacit Connexions and Seme4. More details of his research and other activities can be found at users.ecs.soton.ac.uk/nrs/