Animation 1. 3D visualization of the Ursus arctos (Taberlet and Bouvet, 1994) geophylogeny over a land-sea map. Nodes and branches are coloured according to the root division between the eastern and western clades. Internal branches are displayed with solid lines and tip-observation branches dashed. The root node is a diamond, internal nodes spheres, tips cones and observations 3D bears. The green polygons indicate the extant range. From Kidd DM. Geophylogenies and the Map of Life (2010). Systematic Biology 59(6), 741-752.
Animation 2. 3D visualization of Artiodactyla (puce, Price et al., 2005) and Hylid frog (green, Smith et al., 2005) geophylogenetic chronograms. Note the visual congruence connections between the Old and New Worlds in both clades.
From Kidd DM. Geophylogenies and the Map of Life (2010). Systematic Biology 59(6), 741-752.
Animation 3. 3D visualization of Guianan harlequin toads (black, Noonan and Gaucher, 2005) and dying poison frogs (red, Noonan and Gaucher, 2006) displayed over an elevation map (green shading) and the river network (Digital Chart of the World drainage layer, available from maproom.psu.edu/dcw/) . Phylogenetic branches are displayed as solid lines, tip-observation branches as dashed lines. Drop lines connecting observations to the ground surface are light-brown.
Animation 4. 3D visualization of a geophylogenetic chronogram of the Mexican endemic Goodeidae (Cyprinodontiformes) fish family (green, Webb et al., 2004) and a neighbour-joining tree of a nematode parasite Rhabdochona lichtenfelsi (red, Mejía-Madrid et al., 2007) with a fossil goodeidae (purple fish) and Miocene-Present drainage configurations including the Pleistocene Tenochtitlan-Xalisco-Tollocan palaeolake system (amended from de Cserna and Alvarez, 1995). Dashed-lines show the reticulate connections between drainage basins and within-drainage ecological regions (fluvial and lacustrine). Drainage layers from bottom to top are; 0-1 Ma., 1-3 Ma., 3-9 Ma., 9-12 Ma. and 12-14 Ma. The nematode is vertically positioned to show the correlation between observations (red cylinders) and the margin of the large palaeolake despite the difference in estimated root node age and the estimated age of the lake.