OMA partner Reinier de Graaf gave a lecture at the Berlage Institute about Megalopoli(tic)s.
De Graaf started by arguing that thinking big is compulsory when thinking about 'the green cause'. One needs to think in a global context, like Buckminster Fuller did with his Spaceship Earth and Doxiades' global Ecumenopolis city (1967). By showing different mappings of urban growth, De Graaf showed that the Ecumenoplis is, in fact, not that far way. These developments take place, not in the old Western metropolitan areas, but in the megacities of the South and (Far-)East.
To understand this growth, De Graaf looked at the rise of global economic liberalization. It is generally assumed that this started in the West with the simultaneous election of Margaret Thatcher in the UK and Ronald Reagan in the US. De Graaf argued that it started in China with the coming to power of Deng Xiaoping and the introduction of the ‘Open Door Policy’. De Graaf maintained that economic development is inextricably linked to urbanization, questioning if urbanization is a consequence of economic development or a means to economic development.
The problems that accompany rapid urban growth were historically addressed by (Western) thinkers writing about urbanization, but when Asia became the main setting for urbanization, these Western thinkers ceased thinking and writing about the topic. The visions of tomorrow’s city, are now being seized by consultancy firms. ‘Master plans’ are now created by technology giants like Siemens and home products companies like IKEA.
De Graaf closed his lecture by arguing that the prominence of cities is detrimental to the state of a nation; ‘third world’ cities like Sao Paolo and Mexico City have a GDP as comparable to ‘first world’ countries, such as Sweden and Australia. But these cities still have less political power than their respective nations. While the city (polis) was the birth place of politics, the Megalopolis calls for Megalopolitics…
This work is an alphabetical list of the most important architects with their best known building.
A lot of them have been left out with grief because we only need one for each letter and we done an effort to have differents nationalities.
If you love architecture, for more stuff you can follow us in http://www.ombuarchitecture.tumblr.com
Concept and Animation: Andrea Stinga, Federico Gonzalez
Art Direction: Federico Gonzalez
Music: The Butterfly from Eugene C.Rose and George Ruble, (Creative Commons)
you can download it here: vimeo.com/musicstore/track/10358
Here is the alphabetical list We hope you enjoy it.
Alvar AAlto _ Säynätsalo Town hall - Finland
Luis Barragán _ satellite towers - Mexico city
Santiago Calatrava _ Lyon - Satolas airport railway station - lyon France
Luís Domènech i Montaner _ Antoni Tàpies foundation - Barcelona
Eduardo Souto de Moura _ Paula Rego's House of Stories _ Cascais _ portugal
Norman Foster_ London City Hall _ England
frank Gehry _ Guggenheim bilbao _ Spain
herzog & de meuron _ Beijing National Stadium _ CHina
Arata Isozaki _ Palau Sant Jordi _ barcelona
Philip Johnson _ The Glass House _ New Canaan _ United state
Louis Kahn _ National Parliament of Bangladesh _ Dhaka city
le corbusier _ Villa Savoye _ Poissy, Francia
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe _ barcelona pavilion _ Spain
oscar niemeyer _ National Congress of Brazil, Brasília
Joseph Maria Olbrich _ Secession building, vienna - Austria
César Pelli _ Petronas Twin Tower _ Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Giacomo Quarenghi _ the Smolny Institute _ St. Petersburg, Russia.
Renzo Piano + Richard Rogers _ Pompidou Centre _ Paris, Francia
Álvaro Siza _ Ibere camargo foundation _ porto alegre _ Brazil
kenzo Tange _ Tokyo Olympic Stadium - Japan
Jørn Utzon _ Sydney Opera House _ Australia
William Van Alen _ Chrysler Building _ New York City
frank lloyd wright _ guggenheim new york _ United state
Iannis Xenakis _ Philips pavilion _ Expo '58 in Brussels
Minoru Yamasaki _ World Trade Center
Zaha Hadid_The Pierres Vives building _ Montpellier, France