Vittorio Gallese is one of the leading experts on mirror neurons in the field of neurosciences. Mirror neurons are cells in the brain that fire when an animal acts or observes the same action performed by someone else. This mirror effect of actions activates motoric responses that allow the individual to react responsively to the stimulus as if it was its own action. Galleses' findings allow for intriguing questions for philosophy such as: what implications do mirror neurons have for ethical questions, aesthetics and interpersonal relations?
The Canadian philosopher Paul Dumouchel explains how violence legitimises the state and how the state monopoly on violence gets blurred in the global network society. This lecture, held on 22th of January 2011, is part of the Zeitgeist-programm of the ISVW, Freedomlab, and Vrij Nederland.