On November 15, 1938 the steamship Dalfram berthed at No. 4 jetty Port Kembla to load pig iron for Kobe, Japan.
Japan was at war with China and reports were making their way back of the brutalities carried out by the Japanese Imperial Army - "the Rape of Nanking."
Ted Roach, Branch Secretary, addressed the men at the labour pick up for the Dalfram. He told the men of the destination of the pig iron and the obvious use the Japanese would make of it: bombs - first to be used against the Chinese and eventually against Australia.
At 11 am the men walked off the ship declaring they refused to load pig iron for Japan to turn into weapons. It led to a nine week lock-out, with incredible pressure and threats applied by the government of the day, leading the Attorney General and future Prime Minister Robert Menzies from this time on being known as Pig Iron Bob.
Rupert Lockwood wrote in his book War on the Waterfront: "180 men in sweaty singlets and hobnailed boots sacrificed pay packets in favour of conscience rather than become unwilling providers of munitions metal for Japan."
Beneath Black Skies premiered on the History Channel on 8th May, 2010. It won the National Trust Heritage Award for Education and was officially selected for the Canadian Labour International Film festival.
Narrated by David Field
Produced & Directed by Sandra
DOP/Edited by Javier Valledor
My Backyard, Your Backyard
A webisode series on Italian-Australian Backyards, set mostly in the Illawarra we look at five stories, in particular, two neighbours, a love story, four sisters, tomato and 'my father's backyard' a digital story.
As part of a multiplatform exhibition, this short film was shown in conjunction with 9 other films and an exhibition at the Wollondilly Heritage Centre. The stories were told by ex Barnardos boys who lived at Mowbray Park between 1940 and 1960.