1. In his inaugural lecture as Extraordinary Professor of Applied Econometrics of Research, Innovation and Productivity at the Maastricht School of Business and Economics, 18 March 2011, Dr Jacques Mairesse summed up individual productivity differences in scientific research in France, comparing the publication records of French University and CNRS Physicists.

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  2. The fourth Charles Cooper memorial lecture was given on 27 january 2011 by Richard R. Nelson from Columbia University. The lecture explored why development should be seen as an evolutionary process. Professor Nelson set out why modern evolutionary economic theory provides a better framework for understanding development than neoclassical theory, arguing that an adequate conceptual framework needs to recognize that effective economic development is driven by innovation and creative destruction. It also is important to recognize the wide range of institutions involved in economic activity (much more than just firms, households, and markets), and that the varied roles of government cannot be understood simply as responses to ‘market failures’. This is all the more relevant to developing countries, where economic activity proceeds in an ever changing world environment.

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  3. The fourth Charles Cooper memorial lecture was given on 27 january 2011 by Richard R. Nelson from Columbia University. The lecture explored why development should be seen as an evolutionary process. Professor Nelson set out why modern evolutionary economic theory provides a better framework for understanding development than neoclassical theory, arguing that an adequate conceptual framework needs to recognize that effective economic development is driven by innovation and creative destruction. It also is important to recognize the wide range of institutions involved in economic activity (much more than just firms, households, and markets), and that the varied roles of government cannot be understood simply as responses to ‘market failures’. This is all the more relevant to developing countries, where economic activity proceeds in an ever changing world environment.

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  4. This video contains lectures presented at the GLOBELICS 2009 DAKAR conference of October 6-8, 2009.

    GLOBELICS (Global Network for Economics of Learning, Innovation, and Competence Building Systems) is an international network of scholars who apply the concept of "learning, innovation, and competence building system" (LICS) as their framework and are dedicated to the strengthening of LICS in developing countries, emerging economies and societies in transition. The research aims at locating unique systemic features as well as generic good practices to enlighten policy making relating to innovation, competence building, international competitiveness, regional development, labor market and human capital development. In an increasingly global and knowledge-based competition, management strategies need to be based upon an understanding of these framework conditions and the public policies which seek to regulate the environment.

    The 2009 conference was organised by CRES-UCAD in Dakar and UNU-MERIT. Please visit the conference website at: globelics2009dakar.merit.unu.edu

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  5. Dr. René Kemp, senior researcher at UNU-MERIT, speaks at the "Environment and Energy Innovation in Economic Dynamics" conference which took place in Rome at the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei on 21-22 May 2009. The conference was organised by Fondazione Edison.

    Dr. Kemp's presentation is entitled: "Innovation, environmental policy and lock-in effects: Perspectives on the transition towards a greener economy".

    Unfortunately, the slides in this video presentation are difficult to read. The accompanying slides can be downloaded from: kemp.unu-merit.nl/docs/200905_rome.ppt

    Abstract:
    In Europe the term environmental technology is superseded by the broader concept of eco-innovation in recognition of the shifting attention to product change and changes in product chains. Issues of resource efficiency, the closing of material loops and alternative systems of provision are discussed under the new label of eco-innovation. Eco-innovation is also the stated aim of government. It is part of the Sustainable development strategy and the economic growth strategy of the European Commission because of the assumption of offering a ‘double win’. In his presentation paper Dr. Kemp examines national and international patterns in eco-innovation and policy efforts towards eco-innovation in the Netherlands. The Netherlands is interesting because it has developed a transition approach for dealing with issues of lock-in. At the heart of the energy transition project are the activities of transition platforms. In these platforms individuals from the private and the public sector come together to develop a common ambition for particular areas, develop pathways and suggest transition experiments. The approach is viewed as successful in stimulating business to look beyond technical fixes and incremental innovation.

    If you wish to learn more about Dr. Kemp's research, please visit his website at: kemp.unu-merit.nl

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