http://www.inspirenow.com.au Visit our websiteyou will find useful information including self development and the psychology of achievement in order to improve your life. Achieve any or all of self development, success, anxiety help, relationship help, building wealth and more. Learn how to simplify your life and find happiness. Learn how the brain works and what this mind power means to you. If you have a wish for mental health help, help with stress, help with depression find anti depression without drugs. If you are interested in how to find happiness this may be for you. Gain your control and feel the power of positive thinking again. http://youtu.be/cGZf9TWj6K4
Kathy Bobula, who teaches in the Department of Psychology at Clark College, looks at the neuroscience of bias. How do we develop biased attitudes about others who are different from us? This presentation addresses how bias is acquired, both consciously and unconsciously, by looking at both the neuroscience of bias and learning theory. After taking a look at the brain and how it works, we examine how bias is processed and how bias can be reversed or removed. What the brain can learn, the brain can re-learn in a different way. New imaging techniques have allowed researchers to discover what is happening in the brain when we acquire biased attitudes and stereotypes. With this understanding comes hope for change – the brain is dynamic, so let’s work with it and “take a bite out of bias”!
http://www.inspirenow.com.au Visit our website you will find useful information including self development, the psychology of achievement, in order to improve your life. Achieve any or all of self development, success, anxiety help, relationship help, building wealth and more. Learn how to simplify your life and find happiness. Learn how the brain works and what this mind power means to you. If you have a wish for mental health help, help with stress, help with depression or to find anti depression without drugs. If you are interested in how to find happiness this may be for you. Gain your control and feel the power of positive thinking again.http://youtu.be/cGZf9TWj6K4
Made from the original audio interview, which can be downloaded here:
Dr. Mario Beauregard, PhD., is currently Associate Research Professor at the University of Montreal (Departments of Psychology and Radiology, Neuroscience Research Center). He is the author of more than 100 publications in neuroscience, psychology, and psychiatry. Because of his research into the neuroscience of consciousness, he was selected (2000) by the World Media Net to be among the ""OOne Hundred Pioneers of the 21st Century."" His groundbreaking work on the neurobiology of emotion regulation and spiritual experiences has received international media coverage. In 2006, he received the Joel F. Lubar Award for his contribution to the field of neurofeedback. The National Film Board of Canada has produced a documentary film about his work titled The Mystical Brain (2007). In 2010, Dr. Beauregard was decorated with the prestigious Spectrum Award by The Institutes for the Achievement of Human Potential. To date, Dr. Beauregard has published two trade books titled The Spiritual Brain (2007) and Brain Wars (2012).
What is an Emotion?
Lisa Barrett, Boston University
Pretty much everyone agrees that emotions play a role in virtually all aspects of mental life. What remains a puzzle, however, is how to define emotions in scientific terms - as psychological and natural phenomena. Current research is, ironically, guided by a scientific paradigm that is grounded in human experience. People experience fear and see it in others, so scientists assume there must be a literal (modular) neural circuit for fear in the mammalian brain. Rats freeze when they hear a tone paired with a foot shock, so they are presumed to be in a state of fear (versus surprise, anger, or even a general state of alarm) and undergoing “fear learning.” Scientists also presume that a map of the neural circuitry of freezing behavior will yield a neural mechanism for fear that is largely preserved in humans, and a decade of neuroimaging studies have focused on locating a homologous neural circuit in the human brain. In the last five years, I have traced the roots of this “natural kind” model, conducted a comprehensive review of the literature to examine its veracity, and found it wanting. In response, I have fashioned a new systems-level model, called the Conceptual Act Model. In this model, fear, sadness, happiness, and in fact all the mental events that people name with emotion words are not basic building blocks in the mind or in the brain. Instead, these mental events result from the interplay of at least two more basic psychological ingredients, or psychological primitives: core affect (hedonic states with some degree of arousal) and categorization (using conceptual knowledge about emotion). Individual and cultural differences in emotion can be understood in terms of variation in these ingredients or their interaction. This model parsimoniously incorporates neuroscience findings from rats, primates, and humans, as well as the psychological findings, and outlines the mechanisms that produce the range and variety of behavioral and introspective instances that people call “emotion.” It also provides a general framework for mapping mind to brain.
Barrett, L. F. (2006). Emotions as natural kinds? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 28-58.
Barrett, L.F. (2006). Solving the emotion paradox: Categorization and the experience of emotion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10, 20-46.
Barrett, L. F. (2007). The science of emotion. White paper commissioned for the National Research Council Committee on Opportunities in Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences for the U.S. Military.
Barrett, L. F. (in press). The future of psychology: Connecting mind to brain. Perspectives in Psychological Science.
Barrett, L. F., & Bliss-Moreau, E. (in press). Affect as a psychological primitive. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology.
Barrett, L. F., Lindquist, K., Bliss-Moreau, E., Duncan, S., Gendron, M., Mize, J., & Brennan, L. (2007). Of mice and men: Natural kinds of emotion in the mammalian brain? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 297-312.
Barrett, L. F., Lindquist, K., & Gendron, M. (2007). Language as a context for emotion perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11, 327-332.
Barrett, L. F., Mesquita, B., Ochsner, K. N., & Gross, J. J. (2007). The experience of emotion. Annual Review of Psychology,58, 373-403.
Barrett, L. F., Ochsner, K. N., & Gross, J. J. (2007). On the automaticity of emotion. In J. Bargh (Ed.), Social psychology and the unconscious: The automaticity of higher mental processes (p. 173-218). New York: Psychology Press.
Barrett, L.F., & Wager, T.D. (2006). The structure of emotion: Evidence from the neuroimaging of emotion. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 79-85.
Duncan, S., & Barrett, L.F. (2007). Affect as a form of cognition: A neurobiological analysis. Cognition and Emotion, 21, 1184-1211.
Wager, T. D., Barrett, L. F., Bliss-Moreau, E., Lindquist, K., Duncan, S., Kober, H., Joseph, J., Davidson, M., & Mize, J. (2008). The neuroimaging of emotion. Chapter in M. Lewis, J. M. Haviland-Jones, and L.F. Barrett (Eds.), The handbook of emotion, 3rd Edition (p. 249-271). New York: Guilford.