SATURDAY NOVEMBER 13. 2010
In order for the public domain to be sustainable in the long run, appropriate revenue models are needed. Such models should support both the preservation of online repositories and the injection of newly created content into those repositories. In this session our aim is to construct the roles of stakeholders and protocols of a sustainable digital public domain. This will enable us to ask questions like: which revenue models can balance the growing costs of preserving digital cultural heritage, while unlocking it for a large audience? How can consumers participate in the distribution of culture while the integrity of the cultural products is somehow preserved? How to define the boundaries of a cultural product? Who retains the intellectual property of a collective work? Do interfaces like iTunes support the production or distribution of culture in the public domain? How can public/private partnerships bolster the digital commons?
Volker Grassmuck, Research Group on Public Policy for Access to Information (GPOPAI) at the School for Arts, Sciences and Humanities (EACH) of the University of São Paulo, and curator The Wizards of OS‰
The Sharing Licence and the new Social Contract on Culture
Brazil is about to introduce a copyright law bill on the Sharing Licence. Legalizing online file-sharing in exchange for a levy on broadband Internet access has been proposed under various names ever since P2P spread like wildfire. The Sharing Licence serves to end the ‘war on sharing’ and to establish a new form of collective reciprocal exchange between authors/artists and audiences. It will make everyone better off: It gives the collective audiences of creative works — of all works, not just those voluntary free-licensed by their authors — the freedom to copy and share. It gives the collectives of authors and performing artists a fair reward in proportion to the popularity of their works. It reserves a percentage of the levy pool for the support of not yet popular authors and of authors, (e.g. of contemporary classical music) who will never be popular but whose works the collective of authors and society deem important. All three effects directly improve diversity of culture, and they do so by improving access to works which is the prerequisite for the creation of new works.
Harry Verwayen. In his current position, Harry Verwayen is responsible for the development of the business of Europeana, an online collection of audio and visual culture. His main focus is the design and implementation of new business models that will support Europeana to fulfill its mission as “distributor, facilitator and innovator”. Prior to this Harry worked at the Amsterdam based think tank Knowledgeland where he was responsible for business model innovation in the cultural heritage sector. Harry holds a MA in History from Leiden University and has worked for over ten years in the scientific publishing industry.
Jaromil and Marco Sachy.
Originally trained as a linguist, Denis Roio (Jaromil) is an artist, theorist and programmer who is currently based in Amsterdam. He is working as a researcher at the Netherlands Media Art Institute.Through his support for the development and distribution of free and open software, he tries to overcome existing restrictions and borders, whether economic, social or scientific. Taking an alternative stance to ‘profit and power’ oriented apparatuses, he is strongly engaged in building networks as a means of sharing tools—choosing to view knowledge as a dialogical and non-hierarchical process. By channelling personal insights into collaborative action, he shows a deep understanding for the problems of our time and possible solutions. (Transmediale 2009, Vilém Flusser Award, jury statement).
Marco Sachy (Erasmus Institute for Philosophy and Economics, Rotterdam, NL) gained a BA in Philosophy of Language, Marco extended his academic interests toward the domain connecting Philosophy and Economics at the Erasmus University in Rotterdam. The master thesis that he successfully submitted is a philosophical assessment of the structural shortcomings emerging in the framework of a system exclusively implementing modern bank money. The result is a re-statement of the nature of money and the development of currency solutions for resilient and sustainable economies to obtain by virtue of an ecology of money. In particular, Marco focuses his research on Complementary Currencies as they have been theorised by currency architect Bernard Lietaer: they are agreements within a community to use something as a means of payment in parallel with conventional national currencies. In view of his Ph. D research, Marcoʼs attention is oriented toward Complementary Currencies systems that are deployed with FLOSS (Free/Libre Open Source Software). Under these respects, the Commons of Money are Complementary Currencies.
Eelco Ferwerda has been involved in electronic publishing since 1995. He joined Amsterdam University Press in 2002 as Publisher of Digital Products and is responsible for all digital publications. Before joining AUP, he worked in various new media subsidiaries at the former Dutch newspaper publisher PCM, lastly as Manager Business Development for PCM Interactive Media. Ferwerda is the Project Manager of OAPEN and leads the work on its Open Access Publication model. He received the Dutch SURFshare Open Access award in recognition of his work for OAPEN. He is also President of the recently established Association of European University Presses.
Dolf Veenvliet is a Dutch visual artist who has been working with free
software for over 10 years. He also publishes nearly all his files/works under Creative Commons licenses, and is a certified Blender 3D educator. He recently worked on the open source/creative commons movie Sintel (sintel.org), which has been created completely with free software, and funded in a large part by the on-line community. His personal website can be found at macouno.com
Martijn Arnoldus specialises in the creative industries, particularly copyright and open content issues. As consultant, he has been pivotal to the majority of Knowledgeland’s projects on the creative economy since 2005. Martijn’s current work is around creative industry policy and entrepreneurship. Work in his in-tray ranges from requests for strategic advice to copyright problems to business models for creative entrepreneurs. As a senior consultant on open content licenses, Martijn is a member of the Creative Commons Netherlands project team and advises the Images for the Future consortium. He frequently advises public authorities, the educational and business sectors across all these areas, as well as researching and teaching at universities.
What are digital Cultures? The DCRL-interview-series “Questions”
The term “digital cultures” is all-encompassing and at the same time vague. The purpose of the interview-series QUESTIONS of the DCRL (Digital Cultures Research Lab) is to start specifying the broadness of the term by asking researchers as well as practitioners in various fields to further define the notion and its implications. In a five-minute time slot, the interviewees answer four standard questions:
What are digital cultures?
What are the potentials of digital cultures?
What are the dangers of digital cultures?
What lies beyond digital cultures?
At the end of the interview, one specific question is asked according to which section of the CDC the interviewee is participating in.
Team DCRL: Martina Leeker with: Paula Bialski, Paul Feigelfeld, Irina Kaldrack
Video CDC: Jannik Leenen, Oona Braaker
Netzpolitischer Kongress "verNETZt - Leben im digitalen Zeitalter" der Fraktion BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN im Sächsischen Landtag am 2.11.2013 in Leipzig
Keynote: "Netzöffentlichkeit im Wandel"
Prof. Dr. Volker Grassmuck, Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
Weitere Informationen: netzpolitik-sachsen.de
„Knowledge is power“ is the credo of enlightened modernism. However, Michel Foucault proclaims that whoever is in power determines which knowledge prevails in society, and ultimately this is the only knowledge that we have access to. It is certain that knowledge and power are closely interrelated, and that power relations in a society heavily depend on who has access to which knowledge, and on who defines which knowledge is „right“. New media technologies, however, offer new possibilities, not only to make information accessible to the public at large, but also to allow many people to participate in the generation of knowledge, for example through Wikipedia.
Responsible, independent media and an education system that does not breed people as consumers but teaches them to evaluate information and to participate responsibly in the provision of knowledge, are essential for democracy. In politics secrecy is becoming more difficult because responsible citizens want to know what their governments are doing. Disclosure? - Provided by Wikileaks, if necessary. Since Edward Snowden's leaks, intelligence agencies have to publicly justify themselves as well: Should they be abolished, or incorporated as "Open Source Intelligence Agencies" in our interaction-driven information society?
Robert David Steele (US) - via Videostream
Birgitta Jónsdóttir (IS)
Volker Ralf Grassmuck (DE)
Ksenia Ermoshina (RU)
Claudia Garád (AT)
Moderation: Thomas Lohninger (Open Knowledge Foundation)