El Sur en desarrollo no puede esperar la filantropía del Norte, sino que debe impulsar sin demoras más y mejores leyes y planes para afrontar los problemas ambientales y en particular el cambio climático, plantearon parlamentarios durante la Cumbre Mundial de la Organización Global de Legisladores para el Equilibrio Ambiental (Globe International).
Diputados y senadores provenientes de todas las regiones se congregaron en Ciudad de México, entre el 6 y el 8 de junio, para coordinar y promover iniciativas desde el Poder Legislativo sobre tres áreas concretas y vinculadas entre sí: el cambio climático, la situación forestal y el capital natural.
México cuenta desde 2012 con una Ley General de Cambio Climático, que se considera pionera en la adaptación y la mitigación al calentamiento planetario. Pero tiene un problema: se cumple poco. Especialistas y promotores de la reforestación por comunidades locales, coinciden en que la receta del país ante el fenómeno debe combinar buenas leyes climáticas con prácticas conservacionistas. Por Luciana Kaplan/ IPS
04 Oct 2013 | by Sabina Zaccaro | #NobelPeacePrize | Armed Conflicts - Interviews
Oscar Arias Sánchez is simply known as the man who brought peace to Central America. When he was elected President of Costa Rica in 1986, an armed conflict was still raging in the region. Arias launched a peace plan that was signed by Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. After only one year in office, he received the Nobel Peace Prize.
He has kept fighting for peace ever since. Today, the Arias Foundation for Peace and Human Progress is one of the most engaged organizations for disarmament, and Oscar Arias is personally committed promoting the landmark Arms Trade Treaty.
The treaty was adopted in April 2013 at the UN General Assembly by 153 nations. 23 decided for abstention, including Russia and China while Syria, North Korea and Iran voted against it.
According to Amnesty International, five hundred people die every year because of violence as a result of arms detention. But how many will die before the treaty becomes law?
Oscar Arias Sánchez talks to Sabina Zaccaro, IPSTV Correspondent from Italy:
Oscar Arias Sánchez: To begin with, I don’t think there has been any progress, world military spending is not decreasing. The world is still spending something around 1.7 trillion dollars per year. I come from Latin America, democracy has never been stronger in the past than today, nevertheless Latin America is the region of the world where military spending has been increasing more and faster, so I don’t think there will be a decrease in military spending until the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is ratified.
Sabina Zaccaro: As you said, we’re in front of two extremes, we have the possibility of a military intervention in Syria and the UN resolution and the treaty of arms, is it possible to reconcile these extremes.
O.A.S.: Well the ATT is going to take some time because it has to be ratified by at least by 50 countries, now concerning Syria I was very upset when Washington and president Obama was preparing to strike Syria, so I’m very glad that at the end the US reached an agreement with Russia, we’re now expecting to see if it is true that the Syrian government is going to hand over all the chemical weapons to UN inspectors so that eventually they can be destroyed, but that is not enough. What I do miss is the fact that we need to fight for a cease fire in Syria, to put an end to the war, to the civil war, and eventually we need to prepare that country to hold elections in the nearest future, so that we can transform Syria into a real democracy.
S.Z.: Your country does not have an army, can it be considered a model of non-armed democracy?
O.A.S: It is not the only country in the world without an army, I believe it was the first country to abolish its armed forces unilaterally, but very few people know that our neighbor to the south, Panama, has no army, I am responsible for that, I persuaded the government at the time in the early 90’s, Guillermo Endara, to get rid of the Panamanian military forces, the safest border in the world is that between Costa Rica and Panama two countries without armed forces. And also very few people know that I also persuaded president Aristide in Haiti to get rid of the Haitian army, not constitutionally, but realistically Haiti has no army because the budget to the army was cut many years ago.
S.Z.: The relationship between the economic interests of arm producers and war is quite complex, do you see it possible to overcome that vicious circle?
O.A.S.: If you eventually get rid of your armed forces, what you need first is to persuade your military your own military that there is no need for an army, and then you have to mobilize the soldiers and for that you need some money, but it is a blessing not to spend money on arms, cause I keep telling my friends that the best way to perpetuate poverty in the world is by spending on arms, instead of educating our children for instance.