1. In a series of courts martial beginning on 2 May, 90 people were sentenced to death. Fifteen of those (including all seven signatories of the Proclamation) had their sentences confirmed by Maxwell and were executed at Kilmainham Gaol by firing squad between 3 and 12 May (among them the seriously wounded Connolly, shot while tied to a chair due to a shattered ankle). Not all of those executed were leaders: Willie Pearse described himself as "a personal attaché to my brother, Patrick Pearse"; John MacBride had not even been aware of the Rising until it began, but had fought against the British in the Boer War fifteen years before; Thomas Kent did not come out at all—he was executed for the killing of a police officer during the raid on his house the week after the Rising. The most prominent leader to escape execution was Éamon de Valera, Commandant of the 3rd Battalion, who did so partly due to his American birth,The president of the courts martial was Charles Blackader,The executions of those Rising leaders condemned to death took place over a nine-day period:,
    3 May: Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh and Thomas J. Clarke,
    4 May: Joseph Plunkett, William Pearse, Edward Daly and Michael O'Hanrahan,
    5 May: John MacBride,
    8 May: Eamonn Ceannt, Michael Mallin, Sean Heuston and Conn Colbert,
    12 May: James Connolly and Sean MacDiarmada,

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