Temples of Goa have played a very vital role as symbols of cultural resistance to the Portuguese hegemony. In the post-liberation era, these temples have been integrated into the national pilgrimage networks and as such receive a large inflow of not only the Goan diaspora, spread far and wide in the country, but also tourists. Some of these temples have also found their way onto the international tourist circuit. Owing to this dimension, most of the major temples of the state have registered immense financial growth and their net yearly incomes exceed 10 million INR. Managements of some temples have been proactive in exploring new avenues of income generation for their respective temples, while others have not shown any substantial inclination towards amplifying their sources of income. However, there is a dearth of organized efforts, on part of temple management and the state government, to evolve a strategic plan to use the religious and cultural phenomena associated with these temples to ensure economic regeneration of the local communities and thereby facilitate economic and cultural enrichment of the state. This paper probes the possibility of temples playing a key role, along with the state government, in generating sustainable growth and development of local communities, that are slowly loosing their livelihoods in this age of modernization.
Padmaja Kamat, PES Shri Ravi Sitaram Naik College of Arts & Science, India
This article provides analysis of experience which modern Kazakhstan went through in process of determination of its own identity and place in the world in midst of rising globalisation. Attempts to restore and safeguard the national identity become common practice in post-soviet countries including Kazakhstan. The transition from soviet identity to its own identity and recognition of being "kazakhstani" proved to be quite challenging.
Nowadays it has become apparent that the “transition period” has lasted for way too long which signifies that the problems are more serious than they seemed to be. Besides the economical and political aspects there is a socio-cultural situation in Kazakhstan that factors in, especially the clash of two cultures of Kazakhs: soviet-influenced culture of modern Kazakhs and the culture of repatriates, that found their way home to their historical homeland.
This article focuses on problems of cultural self-recognition in Kazakhstan, in pursuit of its own unique identity through overcoming barriers that resulted during course of historical development artificially raised by Kazakhs themselves.
Aktolkyn Kulsariyeva, Abai Kazakh National Pedagogical University, Kazakhstan
Shaigozova Zhanerke, Abai Kazakh National Pedagogical University, Kazakhstan
Sultanova Madina, Abai Kazakh National Pedagogical University, Kazakhstan
Literature offers a rich compendium of literary sources, an art whose raw materials are gathered from a person’s experiences. It delves deeply into an individual’s psyche and goes beyond his inner self toward his external environment.
Before, the print culture literary forms use the oral tradition as a means of transmission. One of these is urban legends, consisting of stories thought to be factual by those circulating them. Like all folklore that includes legend, urban legends are not necessary false, but they are often exaggerated, distorted or sensationalized over time.
Jocano (1971) noted that traditional lore studies of Filipino folk literature have not received the attention that their significant could warrant. Yet, these studies as an object of the total cultural configuration may shed light on the nature of Filipino culture and society.
This study is a qualitative research which made use of critical content analysis; ethnographic fieldwork method was used in gathering the data from key informants in the form of a story, conversation or speech. Three phases were involved: collection and decoding of data, analysis and interpretation of data.
The study found out among others that Filipinos faith in God and religiosity are viewed as sources of strength and courage. This has also reference to his ritualistic dimensions of his faith such as possession
Ramir Philip Jones V. Sonsona, Mindanao University of Science and Technology, Philippines
Youth subcultures were for a long time located out of the public eye in China. Only over the last 30 years they have been drawing greater popular attention due to their rapid development. The Internet is one of the reasons behind the growth of youth subcultures in China. It constitutes a convenient communication platform to create discussion boards, find spiritual and hobby partners and freely exchange ideas. During the last few years the skateboarding subculture has become increasingly popular. Originating in the United States, this youth subculture is experiencing the phenomenon of glocalization reflects not only the generation gap, but also embodies a hidden appeal to escape the shackles of society and transform existing values. For instance, one of the basic values that skateboarders pursue both in the United States and China is a sense of freedom. Yet the meaning of freedom is much broader in China. The higher age of the participants, special attitude to the youth in China, strong influence of the tradition, family and societal pressure, and other factors contribute to its different perception. Based on interviews with Beijing skateboarders this research provides valuable insight into the local characteristics of China’s skateboarding subculture, specifically its: development path, reasons for popularity and the transformation of values amongst the contemporary Chinese youth.
Anna Chelnokova-Siejka, Beijing Normal University and Moscow State Linguistic University, China