The issue of insurgency is a global stigma that has and is still stalling the socio-economic development of many nations all over the world. Many scholars would argue that the Nigerian experience in this regard is relatively new when compared to nations like the United States and most Middle Eastern countries. Still these have adopted certain strategic approaches towards curbing and at least containing issues of insurgencies. The diverse ethnic and religious climate and unique political disposition of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria lends to the complexity of the country’s failed attempt to address it. The analytical approach adopted in this research is deliberate and strategic; a comparative study with a well evaluated prognosis of the respective situations of the two countries in this study will increase the prospects of developing fresh erstwhile unconsidered insights towards the resolution of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria.
Basil Chuka Okoli, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria
Social justice, linked to access to good education in Africa has been thrust into the forefront of political and economic discourses in the last two decades. In the 1990s in Africa, the democratic wind of change blew across the continent, giving rise to new social and political movements. Between 1990 and 1993 during the political crisis of Cameroon, there emerged one such new social movement, the University Students Parliament or "Parlement Estudiantin." This movement became popularly known as "le Parlement" by its French acronym. The group comprised of student-activists who aligned themselves with the demands of the then Cameroon Opposition Parties. Their major demands then ranged from decentralization of the university, Organization of a Sovereign National Conference, power sharing by Biya; and Operation "Ghost Towns" if their demands were not met. These students risked their lives and were pivotal in questioning student neglect by university administrators as well as Cameroon government, and advocating for the empowerment of students in the political, socio-cultural and economic fields.On campus and off, these students became very powerful. To fully understand the complexity of these developments, we must consider the history of uprising, and stand-taking. This paper thus examines the history of student protests in Cameroon. It explores the social and political dimensions of "le Parlement"'s creativity, and their strategies for political organizing, revolts and autonomy relating to access to education, social justice, democratic movements, and the future stability of Cameroon.
Bridget A. Teboh, University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth, USA