Many organizations face the challenge of integrating diverse generations in a workplace. With the retirement of a large number of Baby Boomers (60+ years) and the current intake of Millennials (20-33 years) in the workplace, organizations are facing a challenge to attract and retain the millennial generation. This paper presents a research pilot study investigating the millennial generation’s perception of the workplace in the construction industry. This research study used the framework of work, family and community to examine the ideal workplace attributes that the millennial generation considered in the construction industry. Unlike many research studies that state that the perception of the millennial generation is completely different from the perceptions of the previous generation, the millennials of the construction industry seem to disagree. This analysis compares the quantitative responses between construction students of the millennial generation with construction employees of other generations (33-68 years old). Responses in this pilot study show that the millennials may not have a completely different view of the workplace when compared to other generations in the construction industry. This research study shows that though the millennials may have different expectations of the workplace, they are very much similar to the perceptions that current employees of the construction industry who belong to different generations.
Christine Piper, Clemson University, USA
Varahee Madadi, Clemson University, USA
In this study, nationalism and the perception of 'the other' which are nowadays the most effective factors to the international system in the world, will be discussed. Before, during and after the Cold War the changing perception of 'the other' especially in Europe; and during the Cold War, the changing perception of threat from red to green will be evaluated. Nationalism, identity and 'the other' are the key concepts that we are going to deal with and how these concepts form the European identity will be discussed. Moreover, the new illegal immigration flow to Europe from North African and Arabic states and the results of illegal immigration will be discussed.
Metin Aksoy, University of Selcuk, Turkey
Gulsah Koprulu, University of Selcuk, Turkey
Rapid urbanization in developing nations of the world is quite obvious. In Nigeria, the uncontrolled intensification of land use at the designated business cores of its urban centres (nodes) is now an issue of serious planning and management concerns. Governments at various levels are currently facing the daunting challenge of controlling these urban physical and social problems of almost defied solution which planners are striving to address with planning-driven strategies. The interest in Akure for this research is because it is an urban centre and the administrative capital of Ondo State that has witnessed immense development and growth in terms of built-up areas, population density, high traffic volume as well as industrial and commercial activities with incidents of multiple dysfunctional nodes. This paper disaggregates Akure into the specific neighbourhoods with nodes using remotely sensed and demographic data for analysis of relationship between planned and unplanned nodes in the city vis-a-vis the effect on spatial interaction. This will help to generate effective business core and management toolkits for urban planners, environmental managers and students/researchers while representing advisory mechanism to government and non-governmental organisations.
Joseph Omoniyi Basorun, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
New parents are typically concerned about the wellbeing of their children. As a result, parents seek to inform themselves about the best choices they can make in terms of diet - including but not limited to age and type of weaning -, skincare products, toys, parenting style, healthcare, education and other kinds of services addressed to children and families. This is true especially for parents with higher formal education and the habit of questioning and researching topics that interest them. As they look for information online, they build virtual communities or join established ones. This is a virtual ethnographic research of a virtual community of parents, mainly mothers, brought together by principles of natural parenting and healthy living. The research involved analyzing blogs, forums and discussions on Facebook groups, as well as the social network analysis of the network of Facebook pages belonging to the community. The main focus of the research is the impact conflict has on community social capital, as conflict has been fairly neglected in the study of virtual communities. I identified six types of conflict and analyzed their implications for the social capital of the community in terms of trust, types of relationships - bridging vs. bonding -, and social networks. The main finding is that a smaller, rather exclusive virtual community develops features very similar to closed small local communities when it comes to managing internal conflict.
Ioana-Alexandra Rusu, University of Bucharest, Romania