In 1985, immunotherapy joined the pantheon of mainstream therapies—surgery, radiation and chemotherapy—that doctors can use to successfully treat patients with cancer.
This unique approach was the brainchild of Dr. Steven Rosenberg, a surgeon and researcher who has spent 40 years as chief of surgery at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) developing treatments that seek to harness the power of the immune system to fight cancer.
Immunotherapy uses the body’s own properties or treatments made in a laboratory to get the immune system to attack cancer cells, eliminating them or by stopping or slowing their growth.
Hyun Soon Lillehoj, an international leader in animal immunology and genomics, has made pioneering scientific discoveries that have helped prevent and treat diseases in commercial poultry, protecting the health of consumers and saving the industry billions of dollars.
During three decades as a molecular biologist at the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service, Lillehoj has helped mitigate the use of antibiotics in poultry, finding that certain food supplements, probiotics, nutrients and vaccines can replace antibiotics as an effective means of enhancing the immune system and fighting common parasitic diseases and bacterial infections.
Hurricane Sandy triggered one of the worst public transportation disasters in U.S. history, flooding and damaging rail yards, train tracks, tunnels, power stations, bus depots and critical operations centers throughout the Northeast, severely disrupting normal subway, train and bus service for weeks and affecting millions of commuters.
Congress responded to this devastating 2012 storm with a $10.9 billion special transportation appropriation, including $3.6 billion that could be used for “resilience” grants dedicated to protecting the infrastructure that was repaired after Sandy and would be at risk of damage by natural disasters in the future.
Lucile Jones, an internationally known seismologist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), is literally leading groundbreaking research on earthquakes and turning it into public action that will save lives and property.
Through countless interviews, public lectures and local government meetings, Jones has communicated her science in ways that have made it possible for communities, states and the federal government to take preventive measures to shore up critical infrastructure and to be better prepared to respond if a major earthquake occurs.