The overall concept of this video revolves around images of imaginary astronomical phenomena. I selected a method which I anticipated would be appropriate to the construction of "scaleless" objects, such that one could imagine them occupying planetary sized volumes of space.
4JM is an audiovisual work that applies techniques from drawn-on-film animation to the realm of digital video. The physical layout of a film strip offers animators a means of working that can transcend a strictly frame-by-frame approach: by working directly on this surface, the frame boundaries can be ignored altogether and new temporal-spatial relationships emerge. While video does not have such a physical surface to work on, the concept can be translated by imagining the video as a sequence of frames attached end to end to form one large image. The material for 4JM was generated using a feedback loop that output one line of pixels at a time, starting at the top of the first frame and working its way down to the bottom of the last. Along the way this feedback loop combines the alternative temporal-spatial continuities of drawn-on-film animation with the generative possibilities of video systems.