1. More space news and info at: coconutsciencelab.com - to celebrate of the 20th anniversary of the first confirmed planet around a sun-like star, more than 60 leaders in the field of exoplanet observations chose their favorites among the nearly 2,000 known exoplanets.

    Some of the exoplanets are rocky, some are gaseous, and some are very, very odd. But there's one thing each one of these strange new worlds has in common: All have advanced scientific understanding of our place in the cosmos.

    Here are the top ten exoplanets that the astronomers chose:

    1. Kepler-186f
    Kepler-186f was the first rocky planet to be found within the habitable zone -- the region around the host star where the temperature is right for liquid water. This planet is also very close in size to Earth. Even though we may not find out what's going on at the surface of this planet anytime soon, it's a strong reminder of why new technologies are being developed that will enable scientists to get a closer look at distant worlds.
    Image Credits: NASA Ames/SETI Institute/JPL-Caltech

    2. HD 209458 b (nickname "Osiris")
    The first planet to be seen in transit (crossing its star) and the first planet to have it light directly detected. The HD 209458 b transit discovery showed that transit observations were feasible and opened up an entire new realm of exoplanet characterization.
    Image Credits: NASA, European Space Agency, Alfred Vidal-Madjar (Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS)

    3. Kepler-11 system
    This was the first compact solar system discovered by Kepler, and it revealed that a system can be tightly packed, with at least five planets within the orbit of Mercury, and still be stable. It touched off a whole new look into planet formation ideas and suggested that multiple small planet systems, like ours, may be common.
    Image Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech

    4. Kepler-16b
    A real-life "Tatooine," this planet was Kepler's first discovery of a planet that orbits two stars -- what is known as a circumbinary planet.
    Image Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech

    5. 51 Pegasi b
    This giant planet, which is about half the mass of Jupiter and orbits its star every four days, was the first confirmed exoplanet around a sun-like star, a discovery that launched a whole new field of exploration.
    Image Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech

    6. CoRoT 7b
    The first super-Earth identified as a rocky exoplanet, this planet proved that worlds like the Earth were indeed possible and that the search for potentially habitable worlds (rocky planets in the habitable zone) might be fruitful.
    Image Credits: ESO/L. Calçada

    7. Kepler-22b
    A planet in the habitable zone and a possible water-world planet unlike any seen in our solar system.
    Image Credits: NASA/Ames/JPL-Caltech

    8. Kepler-10b
    Kepler's first rocky planet discovery is a scorched, Earth-size world that scientists believe may have a lava ocean on its surface.
    Image Credits: NASA/Kepler Mission/Dana Berry

    9. Kepler-444 system
    The oldest known planetary system has five terrestrial-sized planets, all in orbital resonance. This weird group showed that solar systems have formed and lived in our galaxy for nearly its entire existence.
    Image Credits: Tiago Campante/Peter Devine

    10. 55 Cancri e
    55 Cancri e is a toasty world that rushes around its star every 18 hours. It orbits so closely - about 25 times closer than Mercury is to our sun - that it is tidally locked with one face forever blistering under the heat of its sun. The planet is proposed to have a rocky core surrounded by a layer of water in a "supercritical" state, where it is both liquid and gas, and then the whole planet is thought to be topped by a blanket of steam.
    Image Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech

    Video Edited by Coconut Science Lab

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  2. When a group of astronomy students gathered for a workshop at the University of London Observatory, little did they know they were about to see something extraordinary—a supernova still so young that it hadn’t yet reached peak brightness. Observers around the world quickly trained their telescopes on the exploded star, the closest of its type in more than 40 years.

    Science Bulletins is a production of the National Center for Science Literacy, Education, and Technology (NCSLET), part of the Department of Education at the American Museum of Natural History.

    RELATED LINKS

    Estimating the First-Light Time of the Type Ia Supernova 2014J in M82
    arxiv.org/abs/1401.7968

    Supernova in Messier 82 discovered by UCL students
    ucl.ac.uk/maps-faculty/maps-news-publication/maps1405/

    Supernovae 2014J in M82
    rochesterastronomy.org/sn2014/sn2014j.html

    Type 1a Supernovae
    hubblesite.org/hubble_discoveries/dark_energy/de-type_ia_supernovae.php

    Messier 82
    messier.seds.org/m/m082.html

    Messier 82: Herschel Space Observatory
    herschel.cf.ac.uk/results/messier-82

    APOD: Supernova in M82 Photo Gallery
    asterisk.apod.com/viewtopic.php?f=29&t=32799

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  3. 3dsmax
    FumeFX
    Pflow

    FFX pass for an asteroid shot

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