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First-person view (FPV), or remote-person view (RPV), is a method used to control a radio controlled model vehicle from the pilot's view point. It is used to pilot a radio-controlled aircraft. The vehicle is piloted remotely from a first person perspective…
First-person view (FPV), or remote-person view (RPV), is a method used to control a radio controlled model vehicle from the pilot's view point. It is used to pilot a radio-controlled aircraft. The vehicle is piloted remotely from a first person perspective via an onboard camera, fed wirelessly to virtual reality goggles or a video monitor.
There are two primary components of an FPV setup—the airborne component and the ground component ( ground station). A basic FPV system consists of a camera and video transmitter on the aircraft and a video receiver and a display on the ground. More advanced setups commonly add in specialized hardware, including on-screen displays with GPS navigation and flight data, stabilization systems, and autopilot devices with "return to home" capability—allowing the aircraft to fly back to its starting point on its own in the event of a signal loss. On-board cameras can be equipped with a pan and tilt mount, which when coupled with video goggles and "head tracking" devices creates a truly immersive, first-person experience, as if the pilot was actually sitting in the cockpit of the RC aircraft. Ground stations can be equipped with high gain antennas and automatic antenna tracking systems to provide for maximum range on the video link.
Quadricopters are used for FPV flight. FPV aircraft are frequently used for aerial photography and videography, and many videos of FPV flights can be found on popular video sites such as YouTube and Vimeo. For this purpose, many FPV pilots utilize a second, lightweight high-definition on-board camcorder such as a GoPro camera in addition to their standard definition video link(s).