1. Il Mountaintop Removal (mtr), è la rimozione della cima di una montagna in cui estrarre del minerale (carbone). In italiano il termine tecnico è la scopertura in una miniera a cielo aperto, o per dirla con Alessandro Portelli, studioso ed esperto degli Appalachi: la decapitazione di una montagna.
    E' diffusa largamente nei monti Appalachi, tra Kentucky, West Virginia e Tennesee, dove l'EPA (Enviromental Protection Agency) stima che entro la fine del 2010 siano scomparse circa 5700 km quadrati di montagne, minate con il nitrato di ammonio. In queste cave vengono fatte brillare intere pareti di montagna, esponendo i filamenti di carbone, la carcassa della montagna desertificata, è definita sovrappeso (overburden), rimossa dalle scavatrici viene sistemata a valle creando una zona piatta tra i due versanti chiamata riempimento (valleyfills ).
    Ecosistema e Biodiversità vengono sconvolti, mentre il paesaggio cambia radicalmente, i corsi d'acqua vengono danneggiati dagli sversamenti del materiale di scarto divenuto tossico e le zone “risanate” acquisiscono un aspetto collinare, lunare se non desertico. Queste zone morte vengono coperte da un super fertilizzante di aspetto verde chiamato idro-seme (hydroseed) che da lontano rende la sensazione di un prato.
    La zona cosiddetta “risanata” viene a questo punto spacciata come una zona piana in uno Stato di montagne, uno spazio edificabile da regalare alla comunità insomma, ma trattandosi della cima di un monte non è nemmeno facilmente raggiungibile.
    Esiste un'equivalenza simbolica tra ciò che subiscono le montagne dove ci sono i giacimenti e quello che è successo alle contee minerarie degli Appalchi Il termine inglese per indicare una miniera a cielo aperto in cui vi sia una scopertura è strip-mine o strip-job; laddove strip significa spogliare, degradare, svuotare. Esattamente quello che succede alle montagne, bombardate e private del carbone per produrre una ricchezza sconosciuta agli abitanti locali. Pur producendo tutto questo carbone le contee minerarie della West Virginia sono tra le zone più povere d'America e non solo: vengono private in maniera indiretta della possibilità di diversificare l'economia e mentre la dipendenza dell'occupazione generata dall'industria aumenta, con essa crescono i rischi si vivere nei giacimenti. L'aria è avvelenata dalle polveri sottili, l'acqua è inquinata dai sotto prodotti del lavaggio del carbone, le periodiche inondazioni vengono classificate come “Atti di Dio”, mortalità tra i minatori e patologie tumorali nelle comunità sono realtà quotidiane. L'Industria è da sempre accusata di male pratiche, tuttavia l'economia legata al carbone sostiene i conti della West Virginia e si è resa nel tempo necessaria, in quanto l'unico motore economico.

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  2. Nepal & Mao
    In the beginning of my journey in Nepal I travelled mostly with local buses, the long hours gave me time to speak with the people, same kind that started the revolution many years back, mostly farmers. When the busses left the lowland and started to climb the roads up the mountains it was customs to get up on the roof. The buses was transporting everything from chickens, goats, milk, and people of course. I met Bishnu and some of his friends on a bus like this. They was just kids on leaf going up to one of the Maoist camps in Rolpha. Through the short meeting with Bishnu and his friends came the idea for this book. I was curious how the Maoist Nepal was looking from the inside. Olof Jarlbro

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  3. A socio-economic crisis associated with political instability and armed conflict characterizes the situation in the DRC. The last decade has seen a deterioration in the living conditions of families in both rural and urban environments. The armed conflict has heightened the problems in the DRC, particularly in regards to poverty and a breakdown in the infrastructure in the country. Millions of people died during the war, millions were displaced, abandoning their villages to seek safety and security elsewhere. The deterioration in infrastructure has affected many dimensions of life.
    Within this complex context, the phenomenon of children living and working on DRC’s streets is one of growing concern for civil society and the government of DRC alike. As the number of unaccompanied children has increased dramatically over the past few years, the public perception of them continues to be predominantly negative. Children on the streets, commonly referred to as sheges, are seen as thieves or beggars and are blamed for insecurity in the city centres. Their daily survival has become increasingly precarious as they compete with each other for the few available earning opportunities and are subjected to round-ups by authorities aiming to clear the streets.
    Factors that contribute to having children in the streets include the spreading of HIV, poverty and family and community disintegration due to the war and the genocide. The latter have resulted in an increase in the number of orphans and the extended family’s inability to properly look after them. Most of them are living and working in the streets in order to survive.
    According to a recent census in Kinshasa there are more than 13,000 street-children, but a realistic evaluation would be nearer 20,000. During my stay in Kinshasa I followed a group of children that lived in the streets, in the neighborhood of Victoire. There was a great complicity between them and they were like brothers, even though sometimes they fell into fights. They mainly worked at the market, collecting rubbish from the stands for little money, or begging. They slept in open day centers or on the street. None of them attended school. The oldest ones sniffed glue, a common practice among street children because it is cheap and can be found everywhere. Many of them had been abandoned by their families after having been accused of sorcery. They are believed to be the cause of misfortune, illness and death. Although witchcraft allegations against children are illegal most people, including government officials, still believe in sorcery. Children accused of witchcraft are often beaten up or threatened to death by their own family.
    There are numerous NGOs confronting the problem of street children, trying to raise awareness among the people and make them understand the difficulties these children have to face and the risks associated with them turning to the streets. Alongside street life I also documented life in the NGO centres and collected stories from children who want to return to a normal life.

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  4. Throughout Europe, the military academies are the guarantors of military tradition and of the ancient values attached to the army.
    Even though they are deeply tied to the idea of nation and homeland in the countries they belong to, the military academies represent a bridge between the European people.
    For more than 200 years, Europe has had an important tradition of military schooling, where the officers-to-be are trained. These academies have a prestigious history and claim to be the guarantors for soldierly honor and strictness. To each of these academies correspond a strong identity marked by history; in a united Europe, they are now seldom opposed, and more frequently opening to one another.
    Long-interested in the quest for a European identity, particularly in his work “Seeuropeans”, Paolo Verzone will take portraits of the cadets from the most important academies on the continent.
    As a matter of fact, the officer cadets are a symbol of the link that exists between their school’s tradition and history, and the military Europe’s future they carry.
    For each of these academies, from the French Saint-Cyr to the RMA Sandhurst in the United Kindom (1741), through the Italian La Nunziatella (1787), Paolo Verzone portrayed between 15 to 20 cadets, in their parade uniforms as well as in the statutory one.
    All the cadets are photographed in symbolic places, inside their academy. From the ballroom to the main courtyard, these officer cadets will choose their portrait’s décor, according to what it symbolizes to them.

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  5. My quest to create harmony between the human body and nature has always been a public endeavor. From more private perspectives—as a man drawn to the mystery and allure of women—my work also seeks to give expression to the radiance of love and passion that human existence holds for us all. Whether made atop the misty mountains of China, along the pebble stone coasts of England, over the sun-drenched cliffs of Malta, deep in the bone-dry mesas of Utah, or floating in the midnight sunsets of Finland, my self-portrait work with women—continues to be a journey built on the foundation of love that my beautiful wife Sandra and I have shared for more than four decades now. She was the first to pose for me in my pictures. And thus I dedicate this work to her and to all the dear friends who have joined me in this endeavor of love, trust, and transcendent splendor.

    arno-rafael-minkkinen.com
    Interview by Moria De Zen

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e-photoreview

http://www.e-photoreview.com is the new online community and blog for upcoming talents in the field of photography and multimedia all around the world.
Besides our Blog which will feature handpicked photographic new talents e-photoreview also includes an online…


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