Earth and Environmental Sciences

Sea Level Rise Driven by Climate Change and Their Impact towards Indonesian Coastal Ecology
Muh Aris Marfai, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Indonesian coastline, which is bordering almost 17,000 islands to the sea, extends of more than 80,000 km. Since the coastal area is considered as one of the most vulnerable areas due to the impact climate change, Indonesian coastal area will suffer great damages as the impact of sea level rise enhanced by climate change. This paper aims to assess the impact of sea level rise driven by climate change to the Indonesian coastal ecology, with the focus on coastal area located at northern part of Java Island. At present, some of the cities and districts in northern part of Java have suffering many environmental problems, such as coastal flooding, land subsidence, coastal erosion, and sea water intrusion. Moreover, the mangrove ecosystems in some parts of northern Java also have been damaged due to population stress on coastal area. The impact is predicted to be more severe due to the sea level rise. In Jakarta, sea level rise has been predicted to bring the great damages to the aquaculture ecosystem in coastal area. Multiple impacts of sea level rise towards mangrove, agriculture, and aquaculture ecosystem are predicted to be occurred in Pekalongan. Semarang coastal area also suffers from the spread of health problems which are increasing due to increasing coastal inundation. While in Demak, sea level rise has been predicted to cause major losses on mangrove and aquaculture ecosystem.

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Earth and Environmental Sciences

Kavli Frontiers of Science PRO

This channel contains session presentations that cover earth science and environmental science topics from the Kavli Frontiers of Science symposium series of the National Academy of Sciences.

For additional symposium information, please visit our web…


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This channel contains session presentations that cover earth science and environmental science topics from the Kavli Frontiers of Science symposium series of the National Academy of Sciences.

For additional symposium information, please visit our web site (nasonline.org/kfos).

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