1. CO2 Performance Ladder


    from CO2-Prestatieladder Added 22 0 0

    The CO2-Performanceladder is a procurement tool to encourage companies to be aware of their CO2 emissions (and those of their suppliers)

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    • Bridge or Detour? The effect of abundant natural gas on US CO2 emissions


      from Steve Davis Added 72 0 0

      In this video abstract, Dr. Shearer explains the results of a study that modeling the long-term effects of abundant natural gas on the US energy sector and CO2 emissions under different climate policies. The main findings were published in Environmental Research Letters on September 24, 2014.

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      • Committed to Climate Change?


        from Steve Davis Added 192 0 0

        In this video abstract, I explain the concept of commitment accounting and introduce the main findings of the paper published by myself and Rob Socolow of Princeton University in Environmental Research Letters on August 26, 2014.

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        • BACARDÍ Rum Bottles are Sustainably Designed and Elegantly Engineered


          from 3BL Media Added

          Just as the making of BACARDÍ® rum is an exacting science, so is the crafting of every bottle bearing the iconic bat logo and prestigious Bacardí family name. Bottles for each distinctive brand in the award-winning rum portfolio are highly engineered – crafted for beauty and environmental efficiency. One example is the bottle for BACARDÍ Classic Cocktails. Through careful, creative redesign, it now weighs 30% less than it did just a few years ago. That makes shipping more streamlined, resulting in lower CO2 emissions. Another standout is the BACARDÍ rum bottle used for the entire line of party drinks – made of 100% recyclable PET (polyethylene terephthalate) plastic. PET is the same plastic material used for bottled water. It also requires less energy to produce than glass, lowers transportation costs and fuel emissions – and importantly, is safer than traditional glass for on-the-go venues.

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          • Volkswagen Pushes Green Power


            from 3BL Media Added

            This is the first part of a series on highlights from the brandnew Volkswagen Group Sustainability Report 2013. The report shows how Volkswagen cares about the environment. We don’t just say it, we mean it. That’s why we not only improve the energy efficiency of our vehicles constantly, but also make our production 25 percent more eco-friendly until 2018 (based on figures for 2010). One important part of that effort is to push the use of renewable energy – not only from one source, but from many different sources. Making cars greener from the start. The group now already obtains around one third of its electricity from renewable sources. Read on - or go directly to the sustainability report: bit.ly/1vaT2qt

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            • Why Automotive Engineers Are Increasing Use of Aluminum Now


              from The Aluminum Channel Added 543 0 0

              Automotive engineers are responding to consumer and regulatory demands for improved vehicle fuel economy and reduced Co2 emissions. Aluminum has been identified as the most cost effective choice for achieving significant vehicle weight reduction leading to improved fuel economy and reduced emissions. Since 1975, average vehicle aluminum content has increased from 80 lbs. to over 350 pounds today. Aluminum is the second most commonly used automotive material today and represents 9% of the average car weight. On average, one pound of aluminum replaces 2 pounds of iron or steel. Aluminum is estimated to have avoided over 360 lbs. of weight in today’s cars and trucks. Interest in mass reduction on volume production vehicles began with the energy shortages of the early 70’s, and has increased steadily with increasing fuel costs and environmental CO2 concerns. Aluminum has been an important part of improving fuel economy and emissions performance of current vehicles and will continue to be an increasingly important automotive material for the foreseeable future. By 2025 aluminum is expected to comprise 550 lbs. or about 18% of average curb weight.

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              • Fuel Economy and Other Benefits of Vehicle Weight Reduction with Aluminum


                from The Aluminum Channel Added 284 0 0

                Car companies and government regulators favor vehicle weight reduction strategies that preserve and enhance safety performance, comfort and convenience. Cost effective, aluminum based vehicle weight reductions have been achieved with no compromise in safety performance, comfort or utility. The impact of weight reduction on vehicle fuel economy has been extensively evaluated. Most researchers have converged on a similar assessment. For a typical North American passenger vehicle, a 10% weight reduction results in a 6.5% MPG improvement at constant performance, while taking into account engine downsizing. Maximum fuel economy benefit of weight reduction is achieved when the engine is resized to maintain performance levels of the original vehicle. If the engine is not resized, fuel economy will increase at a lower rate and performance will increase in proportion to the weight reduction. Aluminum based vehicle weight reduction varies depending on the extent of the weight reduction effort applied. Using today’s average vehicle as a baseline, the range of aluminum based weight reduction expected by 2025 ranges from 15% for multi-material vehicles (MMV) to 25% for aluminum intensive vehicles (AIV.)

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                • Aluminum in the 2015 Ford F-150 Pick-Up Truck


                  from The Aluminum Channel Added 411 2 0

                  At the North American International Auto Show Ford Motor Company announced the 2015 F-150 will have an all-aluminum body and cargo box. That is a potentially “game changing” direction for a pickup truck. The Ford F-150 is part of Ford F-Series, America’s best-selling truck for 37 consecutive years and best-selling vehicle for 32 consecutive years. In designing the 2015 F-150, Ford set out to create the toughest, smartest and most capable F-150 yet. To deliver on this vision, Ford applied the right materials in the right places to deliver the durability, performance and efficiency its customers expect from the F-150. First, Ford improved the truck’s frame. It is all-new, with more high-strength steel than ever before. Next, Ford used high-strength, military-grade, aluminum alloy throughout the body, which improves dent and ding resistance while saving as much as 700 pounds, giving customers improved towing, payload and fuel efficiency. Weight reduction is one part of the redesign, which includes two new small displacement engines, smart new features that enhance customer productivity and chassis technology improvements. On the aluminum body side, Ford capitalized on more than 20 years of experience with aluminum bodies dating back to the mid-1990s, starting with its Aluminum Intensive Vehicle program, as well as later experience with the Ford GT sports car and Jaguar and Land Rover vehicles. Ford has also used aluminum in body parts for years, such as in the hood of the 1997 to 2014 F-150, plus aluminum in the suspension and engine components. Ford is using a number of advanced manufacturing techniques that includes rivets, high-strength adhesives and welding to build the all-new F-150. More details about the manufacturing process will be shared later in the year.

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                  • Aluminum’s Role in achieving 2025 CAFÉ Standards


                    from The Aluminum Channel Added 132 0 0

                    CAFÉ standards for 2017 are 35 MPG, increasing to 54.5 MPG for 2025. Meeting that standard will require maximum deployment of most known fuel economy improvement technologies including advanced engines and transmissions, vehicle weight reduction, aerodynamics, and friction reduction. Automotive engineers have learned aluminum is the material of choice for cost effective vehicle weight reduction. Aluminum offers a unique range of properties including high strength-to-weight ratio, corrosion resistance, energy absorption characteristics and good formability. Aluminum is processed in all major product forms including: casting, rolling, extrusion and forging. Aluminum growth between 2015 and 2025 will be in body and structures. Aluminum body and structures total 200 Million lbs. today, and are projected to increase to 4 Billion lbs. by 2025!

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                    • FleetCare International Project Pitch


                      from PurveyorsKitchen Added 29 0 0

                      Fleetcare International needs funding to complete our Research and Development efforts, which will ultimately help us service thousands of vehicles and convert their diesel and gasoline engines to compressed natural gas (CNG). We are also looking to expand our waterless carwash program.

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