1. 307 The Debate on Degrowth

    03:29

    from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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    Degrowth is a downscaling of production and consumption in such ways that increase human well-being and equity and enhance ecological conditions. The movement calls for a future where societies live within their environmental means, with open, localized economies and resources more equally distributed through new forms of democratic institutions.

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    • 315 Strategy 2020: The Drivers of Change

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      from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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      To pursue Strategy 2020—and to make the greatest impact on the region’s challenges—ADB places emphasis on five drivers of change: private sector development and private sector operations, good governance and capacity development, gender equity, knowledge solutions, and partnerships. Each driver provides an opportunity for ADB to act more as an agent of change by stimulating growth and synergizing broader development assistance, and to be a more active and better development partner. This video places an accent on knowledge solutions.

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      • 294 Urbanization and Population Growth in Cambodia

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        from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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        Cambodia remains a rural country but people have been migrating to urban centers. Today, Cambodia’s urban areas generate 50 percent of gross domestic product and are home to more than 20 percent of the total population of more than 15 million. Phnom Penh—a city of about 1.6 million people—and other urban centers will continue to experience rapid growth and migration of people in search of a better life.

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        • 290 Consequences of Unplanned Migration to Urban Centers in Lao PDR

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          from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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          The Lao People's Democratic Republic is experiencing rapid urbanization. This may result in inefficient land use, inadequate access to urban services, and environmental damage that could, potentially, undermine the sustainable growth and development of urban areas. ADB's country partnership strategy, 2012–2016 for Lao PDR looks to clean and green economic growth through (i) urban centers as focus points for economic development, (ii) improved urban planning and management, and (iii) improved environmental management and protection.

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          • 289 Urban Centers and Migration in Lao PDR

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            from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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            The Lao People's Democratic Republic is experiencing rapid urbanization. Notwithstanding the need for urban planning and improved urban services and municipal infrastructure in the 4–5 larger cities, investment in district towns is also called to distribute migration.

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            • 427 The Issue of Rising Income Inequality in Asia

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              from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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              Globalization, market-oriented reform, and technological change have been the key drivers of Asia's remarkable growth; however, the process of transformation has been accompanied by rising inequality. Three questions beg answers: What have been the trends of inequality in Asia and the Pacific? What are the key drivers of rising inequality in the region? How should Asian countries respond to rising inequality?

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              • 426 ADB: 50 Years of Asian Development

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                from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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                To commemorate the 50th anniversary of ADB, the Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department has launched a study on Five Decades of Asian Development. The main purpose of the study will be to assess Asia's development from the mid-1960s to the present and outline key challenges for the future; its impact is expected to be improved policy formulation in ADB's developing member countries.

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                • 425 Avoiding the Middle-Income Trap

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                  from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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                  Out of 45 developing members of ADB, 33 Asian economies have achieved middle-income status, and 5 are in the high-income group. Fundamental to avoiding the middle-income trap is a country’s ability to constantly innovate and upgrade production, raise productivity, and climb the value chain. This requires a critical mass of firms that are dynamic and with strong incentives to invest in and develop new and more advanced machinery, production processes, and products through research and development and innovation. To avoid the middle-income trap, ADB can help consolidate economic fundamentals, support regional economic cooperation and integration, and conduce innovation with policy advice and knowledge transfer.

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                  • 424 The Middle-Income Trap

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                    from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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                    Many countries experience a growth slowdown after achieving middle-income status. In a middle-income trap, countries are unable to compete with low-income, low-wage economies in manufactured exports and with advanced economies in high-skill innovations. The biggest challenge is moving from resource-driven growth that is dependent on cheap labor and capital to growth based on high productivity and innovation. Among others, this often requires investments in higher education and research and development.

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                    • 388 Reducing Poverty in Asia and the Pacific (2002)

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                      from ADB: Reflections and Beyond / Added

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                      This documentary looks at the mission, accomplishments, and challenges that remain for ADB in its commitment to free the Asian and Pacific region from poverty and to improve the welfare of all of its people.

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