1. Anders Biel - STEEP Summer School 2012

    51:05

    from Aarhus Universitet / Added

    48 Plays / / 0 Comments

    Habitual and Value-Guided Behaviour Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden A change into Society increasingly requests that individuals adopt environmentally benign behaviour. Information campaigns purported to change people’s attitudes are often regarded as a pre-requisite to installing such changes. While such information may be a necessary step, it is not sufficient by itself. We argue that much everyday behaviour with environmental consequences is habitual, and that little attention is given to information directed toward changing these habitual behaviours. In other instances, behaviour is guided by values in a more reflective process. However, other information besides environmental may draw attention and affect behavioural choice. Based on research, implications for behavioural change are discussed.

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    • Bas Verplanken - STEEP Summer School 2012

      01:08:35

      from Aarhus Universitet / Added

      228 Plays / / 0 Comments

      Habit: From overt action to mental events University of Bath, United Kingdom Habits are almost "unseen" elements of everyday life. In spite of the fact that many of the behaviours which are of interest to social, health, consumer and environmental psychologists are highly repetitive, habit has not received the attention it deserves. I will focus on questions such as why habits are important to study, how habits relate to prevalent attitude-behaviour models, and which implications habits may have for interventions to change behaviours. I then move on to habits of thinking, and present some research that demonstrates why such habits matter and relate to a range of issues, such as body image and eating disorder problems, self-esteem, job stress, or worry and anxiety. I will end this talk with a flavour of Buddhism, and discuss mindfulness as a promising avenue to deal with dysfunctional mental habits.

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      • Annika Nordlund - STEEP Summer School 2012

        42:20

        from Aarhus Universitet / Added

        26 Plays / / 0 Comments

        Factors influencing environmentally relevant behaviors Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden The key note lecture will present results from research on how mainly attitudinal factors, but also personal capabilities, habits, and contextual factors; function as motivating and/or hindering factors in relation to different types of environmentally relevant behaviors. Examples of behavioral scenes covered in the keynote are general pro-environmental behavior, more specific behaviors related to car use, train use, alternative fuels vehicles, and lastly issues related to forest management, the urban fringe forest, and preferences of forests scenes and the preferred activities in these forest scenes.

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        • Marino Bonaiuto - STEEP Summer School 2012

          59:50

          from Aarhus Universitet / Added

          276 Plays / / 2 Comments

          Food reputation Marino Bonaiuto Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy Reputation, typically studied on more traditional social agents (e.g., individuals, companies, countries) is extended to food: conceiving food and drink as social agents with a reputation implies accounting for their perceived impacts on people, society, environment. Food reputation (FR) is defined as the individual representation about current characteristics of food as a social agent: it corresponds to all the representations about that food that a person has - i.e., beliefs, attitudes, values, attributions of causality, etc. - with particular attention to its antecedents and its consequences, its production and its effects. Hypothetically, FR may be based on direct and indirect (i.e., more or less socially mediated) past experience the individual has of that the food, and on the consequent future expectations developed about its effects. Conversely, FR might determine its overall attractiveness, also with reference to possible alternatives. The research had three goals: a) Defining the construct of FR; b) Developing an instrument to measure FR main dimensions; c) Providing a first assessment of the impact of some FR dimensions on consumer’s food choices. Three empirical studies have been conducted: a) A qualitative study (10 in-depth interviews with opinion leaders in the food professions, and 10 focus groups with consumers); b) A field survey (self-administered questionnaire, N=661); c) A laboratory experiment (via a food choice computer simulation with university students, N = 118). Qualitative research with content analysis of interviews and focus groups identified 44 FR conceptual core dimensions. Factor and path analyses of the survey correlations identified 6 synthetic indicators (Essence, and Cultural, Economic, Environmental, Physiological, Psychological effects), which were formed by 23 specific indicators, each measured with high reliability by a total of 142 items. Analyses identified also 2 general indicators measuring FR and one item of overall FR (further 10 items). In the lab experiment - where participants’ simulated choices of a food and a beverage product where observed - inferential statistical analyses confirmed the hypothesis that reputational information placed on the product's label affect participants' choices: among 4 tested dimensions, one or two dimensions determined most of consumers' choices; the different product, the decision-making phase, and the consumer's individual differences can moderate the FR dimensions main effect. Finally, some developments are envisaged. The 23 specific indicators, integrated into 6 synthetic indicators and accompanied by 2 general indicators, constitute a modular measuring tool, the “Food Reputation Map". By means of Kiviat diagrams, the instrument can be used to identify the reputational profile of single food targets at different possible levels, such as products or stakeholders (e.g., stakeholder categories, food brands, food products, food categories, food regions or districts, etc.). This can be used to carry out synchronous comparisons (different targets at the same time) or diachronic monitoring (the same target at a later date). Furthermore, relationships among the specific or synthetic dimensions and the general ones can be analyzed.

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          • John Thøgersen - STEEP Summer School 2012

            01:11:41

            from Aarhus Universitet / Added

            148 Plays / / 0 Comments

            Spillover of pro-environmental behaviour: Generalizing, a license to anti-social behaviour, or neither? Aarhus University, Denmark In this presentation, I will introduce the phenomenon of spillover of pro-environmental behaviour and its theoretical foundations, summarize the evidence supporting/challenging spillover, and discuss possibilities for optimizing the chances of positivespillover effects. I will end with a discussion on future research on spillover including key research questions and promising research designs.

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            • Agnes van den Berg - STEEP Summerschool 2012

              01:04:40

              from Aarhus Universitet / Added

              70 Plays / / 0 Comments

              Health benefits of nature University of Groningen, Netherlands The idea that contact with nature can promote health and well-being has a long history in Western as well as non-Western cultures. In my lecture I will give an overview of empirical research on health benefits of nature. The lecture will start with an introduction to the concepts of ‘health’ and ‘nature’, followed by some examples of historical and contemporary practices in the use of nature for health purposes. I will then review the empirical evidence for health-nature relationships, along with a discussion of the possible mechanisms underlying these relationships. In particular, I will focus on stress reduction as the most important and well-documented explanation of health benefits of nature. I will reflect on the practical value of this emerging research area and its relevance for theoretical and methodological issues in environmental psychology.

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              • Ellen Matthies - STEEP Summer School 2012

                51:48

                from Aarhus Universitet / Added

                113 Plays / / 0 Comments

                Ellen Matthies is professor of environmental psychology at the Psychology Department of the Otto von Guericke University in Magdeburg, Germany. From 2009 to 2011 she was professor for Environmental Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; from 2001 to 2010 associate professor (Hochschuldozentin) for Applied Psychology at the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany. She accomplished her habilitation in 2001 with the topic “Coping with environmental threats and global environmental change at the Psychology department at Ruhr-University Bochum and also received her PhD there in 1993. Since 1994 as an assistant professor she has guided several research projects related to the fields of applied social psychology and environmental psychology (mainly funded by the German Research Foundation DFG), e.g. on the role of personal and social norms in resource consumption, the role of habitualization for behavioural change, and on the development and evaluation of interventions to promote changes in sustainability related behaviours. Her current research is located in the field of sustainability relevant behaviours.

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                • Linda Steg - STEEP Summer School 2012

                  57:08

                  from Aarhus Universitet / Added

                  272 Plays / / 0 Comments

                  Linda Steg is professor of environmental psychology at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. Her main research interests focus on understanding and changing environmentally significant behaviour, in particular car use and household energy use. She is especially interested in the role of norms, values, and moral concerns in explaining environmental behaviour. Also, she studies strategies and conditions for behaviour change, and the effectiveness and acceptability of environmental and traffic policies. She is involved in various multidisciplinary research projects on sustainable development. Among other activities, she is president-elect of the Environmental Division of the International Association of Applied Psychology, treasurer of the Traffic and Transport Division of the International Association of Applied Psychology, coordinator of the IAPS sustainability network, fellow of the Energy Delta Research Centre at the University of Groningen and organiser of the First Summer school on Theories in Environmental Psychology (FirstSTEP) in 2009.

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                  • Geertje Schuitema - STEEP Summer School 2012

                    35:59

                    from Aarhus Universitet / Added

                    114 Plays / / 0 Comments

                    Geertje Schuitema is a post doc in the Department of Businesses and Social Sciences at Aarhus University, Denmark. In her previous research she mainly focused on the area of sustainable transport. She particularly examined the effectiveness and acceptability of interventions and policy measures that are aimed a changing transport behaviour and car ownership. In her current research, Geertje Schuitema is interested in understanding consumer’s adoption of new technologies, such as electric vehicles and smart grid technologies in households.

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                    • Henk Staats - STEEP Summer School 2012

                      01:04:20

                      from Aarhus Universitet / Added

                      49 Plays / / 0 Comments

                      Henk Staats is an assistant professor at the Department of Social and Organizational Psychology at Leiden University. His research interests include environmental preferences, psychological restoration, and the analysis and change of pro-environmental behaviour. He cooperates with scientists of other disciplines (ecologists, architects, landscape architects, engineers), government institutions, enterprises, and NGO’s to develop and research approaches that may increase sustainability, biodiversity, scenic beauty, and well-being. He is a member of the scientific organizations IAPS, IAAP, ASPO and on the editorial board of Applied Psychology; An International Review. He likes cycling, running, and speed skating, and therefore has a direct, personal interest in a clean and beautiful world that is not degraded by global warming.

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