1. Goatlapse 2015: Lawnmowers of Berkeley Lab


    from Joost Daniels Added 226 0 0

    Short video highlighting the now famous lawnmowing service and fire prevention crew at work at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Be sure to turn on the sound. Goat day came early this year! Last week a video about these goats went viral so I decided to throw together a short video with my own footage because apparently there are a lot of goat lovers out there. Thanks to these 500 goats, their herder and his dog, the risk of a grass fire at the lab is significantly reduced. Music: The Swingle Singers - Badinerie Thanks to Carlo for music selection, and to Mark and Dave for their help with timelapse camera positioning.

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    • Planning Successful Experiments on the SHARP EUV Mask Microscope


      from Kenneth Goldberg Added 9 0 0

      The key to successful experiments on SHARP is good planning and communication. This video describes the most important aspects of experiment planning.

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      • DSSS Enick video


        from LBNL Earth Sciences Division Added 23 0 0

        Bob Enick, Ph.D. (University of Pittsburgh). Microorganisms have existed on this planet for more than 3.6 billion years and represent the major drivers for the global biogeochemical cycles. There are about 1030 bacteria in the world, but just 1021 stars in the universe. It is clear that the microbial diversity of the world is a scientific frontier that is not only unexplored, but also of far greater than astronomical dimensions. The microbial ecology of The Arctic is intrinsically fascinating: the low temperatures, extreme seasonality are striking and yet this is a biologically active environment in which nutrients are turned over and pollutants are degraded. The study of the Arctic has gained new urgency as the most rapidly warming region on the planet. The microbial world will mediate much of the anticipated change. There is a ticking “bomb” buried in the Arctic tundra. Enormous quantities of naturally occurring greenhouse gasses are trapped in ice-like structures (clathrates) in the tundra and at the bottom of the seas. The microbial community is central to one of the most disturbing aspects of this warming: the fate of the 400 gigatons of methane locked in the frozen arctic tundra. The microbial community constitutes a lock, currently in a closed position, on these reserves of carbon and the fate of this reservoir. It is correspondingly desirable to understand the nature of this lock, which in turn implies a predictive understanding of the microbial ecology of Arctic soils in our present environment and in a putative and uncertain warmer future.

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        • Mary Maxon, Synthetic Biology Efforts at U.S. National Labs


          from ACS Science & the Congress Added 76 0 0

          November 5, 2013: Mary Maxon of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) speaks to federal efforts to build the "bioeconomy", harnessing innovation for economic growth and job creation. She also overviews synthetic biology research efforts at LBNL including software for bioinformatics and engineering plants for biofuel production. Part of "Tooling the U.S. Bioeconomy: Synthetic Biology" briefing held by ACS Science & the Congress Project on Capitol Hill. #acsscicon

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          • Panel Discussion at Watershed Film Screening


            from LBNL Earth Sciences Division Added 62 0 0

            Panel discussion of at the film screen of Robert Redford's documentary "Watershed: Exploring a New Water Ethic for the New West."

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            • DSSS: Is Brevity the Soul of Soil Models?


              from LBNL Earth Sciences Division Added 39 1 0

              ESD welcomes Eric A. Davidson, Ph.D. (Woods Hole Research Center, MA). Soils carbon stocks are 2-4 times greater than atmospheric CO2-C and 3-6 times larger than aboveground plant biomass-C. Potential exists for C sequestration in soils, but there is also a large potential positive feedback to climate change as permafrost thaws and enzymatic decomposition of soil organic matter increases with warming. Enzymatic reaction rates are temperature sensitive when substrate is not limiting. However, substrate supply often, perhaps usually, limits enzymatic reaction rates in soils. Soil microbial community composition varies temporally and spatially, and the reactive properties of extracellular enzymes also can probably be changed by microorganisms in response to environmental cues. The C, N, and P assimilation enabled by extracellular enzyme activity affects the growth of microbial populations, their metabolism, and their enzyme synthesis. Do models need to represent all of these processes in 3-D space and in time? Ideally, the answer would be “yes,” but only if there is a viable approach to testing and validating model structures and parameterizations representing each process. When that is not possible, some aggregation is needed. A modular design enables progress on model components without losing sight of the way that components fit together. Admittedly, the Dual Arrhenius and Michaelis–Menten (DAMM) model does not yet attain all of these lofty goals, but it offers promise to build upon an integrated, modular approach to represent as parsimoniously as possible numerous key interacting processes in a heterogeneous matrix, and to keep making improvements until we get the DAMM thing right.

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              • DSSS: Determining chemical and microbial Fe(II) oxidation kinetics in situ: How well do organisms compete with chemical oxidatio


                from LBNL Earth Sciences Division Added 28 0 0

                ESD welcomes George W. Luther, Ph.D. (Univ. of Delaware) The oxidation of aqueous Fe(II) to Fe(III) solids is of great significance to Earth history including banded iron formation (BIFs) and the rise of O2 in waters and the atmosphere. The chemical oxidation of aqueous Fe(II) in air saturated solutions is facile at circumneutral pH, but O2 arises mainly from photosynthetic activity. There are currently three theories on how microbes could have contributed to Fe(III) precipitation: (1) oxygenic photosynthesis, coupled to abiotic Fe oxidation, (2) aerobic (anerobic?) Fe oxidation by iron oxidizing bacteria (FeOB), and (3) anoxygenic photosynthesis, with Fe as an electron donor (photoferrotrophs). Using kinetic data obtained in the field as well as in the laboratory with in situ microelectrode techniques developed in our lab, it is now possible to discriminate between chemical Fe(II) oxidation and these microbially based processes in real time. Field data will be shown from diverse sites including Yellowstone National Park where groundwater, rich in Fe(II) and Mn(II) but with little or no O2, enter oxygenated systems. In the case of FeOB, their importance in Fe(II) oxidation increases at low O2 concentrations. Thermodynamic calculations for the first electron transfer between the metal ions, Fe(II) and Mn(II),with O2 over pH gives insight to the distribution of these metals in BIFs and their biogeochemical behavior.

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                • DSSS: Hydraulic Fracturing: Theory – Reality – Uncertainty


                  from LBNL Earth Sciences Division Added 201 0 0

                  ESD welcomes Maurice Dusseault, Ph.D. (Univ. of Waterloo) Hydraulic fracturing (HF) has emerged as an important enabling technique in development of shale oil and shale gas, geothermal energy exploitation, and slurried solids disposal at depth. For example, the City of Los Angeles is injecting biosolids sludge on a trial basis into a depleted reservoir 1350 m deep under HF conditions as a means of treatment, with potential for harvesting generated methane. The challenge facing the geomechanics community is development of a deep understanding and analysis methods for HF in naturally fractured (jointed) rock masses such as igneous rocks, petroliferous carbonates, and shale oil and shale gas reservoirs. Scale is critical: at the tip, local fabric dominates propagation; when fracture length is large, global propagation is dominated by the large-scale principal compressive stresses. Fluid density, viscosity and injection rate affect propagation, and in many cases, induced displacements can change the local principal stress values and lead to secondary fracture arms, an important factor in developing fracture networks. Maurice will discuss what we can and cannot yet do in HF simulation and design. Changes of direction, stress alterations, buoyancy effects, and stress field variations in situ will be discussed. There are no easy answers, the goal of the talk will be to cast some clarity on the physical mechanisms involved in hydraulic fracturing in rock masses with strong fabric, and see what options are available for engineers to pursue in design and implementation of HF technologies.

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                  • DSSS: Taking the Fingerprints of Global Sea Level Change


                    from LBNL Earth Sciences Division Added 50 1 0

                    Sea level is a sensitive indicator of climate change, both in the modern world and across geological time. In this regard, all processes that contribute to observed sea-level changes, whether on plate tectonic time scales of millions of years, ice age time scales of thousands of years, or decadal time scales associated with recent global climate change, have distinct geometric signatures. Thus, insight into the underlying processes responsible for sea level change is fundamentally deepened when analyses move beyond simple global averages to consider the detailed geographic variation in geological or geodetic observations. In this talk I will consider examples of this insight from across a broad spectrum of time scales, but I will focus, in particular, on the fingerprints of sea level change in our progressively warming world.

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                    • Recorded Webinar: Green Building XML and the New EnergyPlus GUIs from LBNL and NREL


                      from Stephen Roth Added 964 3 0

                      This is a recording of the gbXML webinar that took place on January 22, 2013. It demonstrates the new EnergyPlus GUIs from LBNL and NREL and includes the following: 1. An overview of gbXML given by Stephen Roth of Carmel Software 2. Demo of LBNL's Simergy by Richard See 3. Demo of NREL's OpenStudio by David Goldwasser 4. Question and answer period (Please note: The first 10 minutes of the webinar were NOT recorded, so the webinar starts with the Simergy demo).

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