1. PEACE ECOLOGY: AN EMERGING PARADIGM IN THEORY AND PRACTICE

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    from National Peace Academy / Added

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    On February 8, 2012 Randall Amster, J.D., Ph.D., Prescott College Professor and Executive Director of the Peace and Justice Studies Association, keynoted National Peace Academy’s inaugural Peacebuilding Peacelearning Conference at the University of Colorado, Boulder. In this lecture, Randall introduces peace ecology as an emerging paradigm in theory and practice.

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    • MDG4: Reduce child mortality VOD

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      from Kautilya Society / Added

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      Each year, millions of children die due to lack of hygiene and exclusion from health care services. The number of children dying in the poorest countries is nearly 20 times higher than those dying in developed countries. In a world that has so many resources and means, allowing such massacre to take place is unacceptable. The MDG 4 aims at lowering child mortality rates through expanding health care services and addressing determinants of child health. In the world now, child mortality rates are falling but 22.6 million children still lack access to basic vaccines and an ever increasing number of poor children die before reaching their fifth birthday. There are still countries like Sierra Leone where governments are unable to provide free primary health care and where the presence of international non-government medical organisations is indispensable for saving lives.

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      • MDG 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development VOD

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        from Kautilya Society / Added

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        Although the world economy and security have become highly interconnected and the well being of each nation has a quick impact on the others, the nations are little prepared to work as a team in addressing the global issues. Although nations interact in a global village, they relate among themselves with inadequate spirit of solidarity. The MDG 8 is about promoting a healthy cooperation environment amongst nations. By making economic and political relationships fairer and dialogic, it will become possible to reduce the factors generating poverty and ignorance. Only a fraction of the funds pledged by the UN member states for achieving the MDG goals has been provided for actions against poverty. However, non-government organizations, the private sector and a number of developing countries are increasingly becoming significant sources of development assistance. A vast majority of people are opening up to curiosity about global issues and to learning from others. Today, there is greater acceptance and space also for culturally and socially diverse communities to enter into more peaceful and reciprocally fair relationships with each other.

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        • 8. Panel 2: Peace Building, International Justice and Human Rights: Principles for a Common Effort

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          from EUISS / Added

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          Chairperson: Nicole Gnesotto, former Director of the EUISS, Chair of European Union Studies, Conservatoire National des Arts & Métiers (CNAM), Paris Report: Radha Kumar, Director, Delhi Policy Group, Nelson Mandela Centre for Peace & Conflict Resolution, New Delhi Discussants: • Timofei Bordachev, Research Programs Director, Council on Foreign and Defence Policy, Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow • Jean-Marie Guéhenno, former UN Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, Senior Fellow, Managing Global Insecurity Project, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC • Celso Lafer, Academia Brasileira de Letras, Emeritus Professor at USP, former Foreign Minister of Brazil, São Paulo • F. Stephen Larrabee, Corporate Chair in European Security, RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA • Bertrand Ramcharan, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva • Ebrahim Rasool, Member of the South African Parliament, Cape Town

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          • Two Sets of Hands: A Series of Monologues

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            from Bethany Wichman / Added

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            An Arts-based research project studying the topic of gendered experiences

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            • MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases VOD

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              from Kautilya Society / Added

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              Thousands of people every day become infected with HIV and die from AIDS. The MDG 6 intends increasing access to treatment and stopping the spread of AIDS and diseases like tuberculosis and malaria. Thanks to improvements in prevention programmes and increased access to treatment, the number of newly infected people and those who die from AIDS has started declining. Higher survival rates also implies that more people today are living with HIV, most of them being in sub-Saharan Africa. And Malaria, one of the biggest killers in Africa, kills one African child every 30 seconds while it is virtually absent from Europe and the Middle East. Programmes for HIV/ AIDS prevention have now started showing results. For instance, India had the largest number of deaths from AIDS. Thanks to the efforts of governments and non-government organizations, HIV incidence in India has declined in recent years.

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              • MDG3: Promote gender equality and empower women VOD

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                from Kautilya Society / Added

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                Most women of the world obtain much less education and earn much less money than men. Women are much less represented than men at political and managerial levels. The MDG 3 tackles gender inequality and promotes the empowerment of women. Global data shows that the poorer the country, the higher the gender inequality. In the world today, two out of every three illiterate persons are women. Gender equality is a determining factor of development. What is needed is to create a virtuous circle of empowered women who generate stronger and healthier families which set the stage for more prosperous and just societies.

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                • MDG2: Achieve universal primary education VOD

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                  from Kautilya Society / Added

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                  Millions of children do not have access to schools. The second Millennium Development Goal is that all children obtain basic school education. The objective of the MDG 2 is that the right to learn is guaranteed to all children, boys and girls alike, rich and poor, in developed and developing nations alike. Right now, this is not so. In Sub-Saharan Africa for instance, only 2 out of 3 children receive primary schooling. And it is especially the girls who get left out. The current effort is to support African governments and civil society in following the example of the Asian and South American nations, that are successfully extending universal primary education to most of their children.

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                  • MDG1 - Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger VOD

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                    from Kautilya Society / Added

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                    The World has enough food for all but millions of people still suffer from hunger. The Millennium Development Goal 1 aims at removing the factors responsible for poverty. Most developing countries have good rates of economic growth; but the gap between the rich and the poor is widening. The proportion of people living on less than $1 a day has decreased but 925 million people still suffer from chronic hunger. One in every five children in the developing world is still underweight. In the world, 22% people still live on less than 1.25 dollars a day. There are countries like Liberia and Sierra Leone where high percentages of the population live in misery. The impact of poverty is the hardest on the most vulnerable groups of the poorest segments of the population. - children, women and disabled. Children that are malnourished when they reach their second birthday, could suffer permanent physical and cognitive damage.

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