1. Gus Ellis #3 (Red) Stanford Middle Blocker


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    • Techniques of the City: City, Knowledge, and Surveillance


      from Center for South Asia / Added

      57 Plays / / 0 Comments

      Discussant: S. Vivek Ravi Sundaram, Senior Fellow, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies "Information, crisis and postcolonial urbanism" For many years urban planning in India offered a representational grid through which the city became visible for the postcolonial elite. With the cycles of chaotic urban expansion after globalization, planning is now in crisis. Planning has been replaced by a discourse of urban infrastructure. Intrinsic to the infrastructural turn are new technologies of managing urban populations. These initiatives range from biometric cards for slum dwellers which are linked to governmental welfare schemes, enumeration of urban land by linking it to digitized property titling schemes, CCTV platforms to survey streets and neighborhoods, massive transportation databases that are linked to GPS enabled road machines, and large GIS mapping initiatives . Along with the recent biometric UID scheme to be deployed at the national level, these technological interventions have little parallel in any postcolonial society, dwarfing many such schemes worldwide in their ambition. What are the stakes for the postcolonial urban after the informational turn? Are we witnessing the beginning of new technologies of urban surveillance or, new instabilities linked to the informational turn? Zephyr Frank, Department of History, Stanford University "Reading Rio de Janeiro: an essay in spatial history" The paper deconstructs the space of downtown Rio, using graphics as well as text, with a focus on the 19th century. I can provide the paper for pre-circulation by the end of the week. Vyjayanthi Rao, Department of Anthropology, The New School of Social Research "Speculative Cities: Structures and Infrastructures" What are the stakes for the postcolonial urban after the informational turn? Are we witnessing the beginning of new technologies of urban surveillance or, new instabilities linked to the informational turn?

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      • Writing Under Siege: South Asian Writers on Civil War


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        F eaturing: Basharat Peer V.V. Ganeshananthan Tsering Wangmo Pireeni Sundaralingam Moderated by: Vilashini Coopan, UC Santa Cruz Saikat Majumdar, Stanford University Civil wars are not always experienced within the terms they are fought. Their tangible effects are often describable for social scientists in terms of destruction of infrastructure, loss of human lives, and mass displacements. The more intangible life of violence as it seeps into everyday relations, families, mundane objects, dreams and fantasies is much harder to articulate. It is to give voice to this intangible yet pervasive violence that we often turn to literature. This event brings together emerging South Asian writers whose lives have been shaped directly or indirectly by civil war to reflect upon what writing can do for the writer and for the reader.

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        • Techniques of the City: Circulation, Labor, and Materiality


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          Tarini Bedi, Humanities Division and the Associate Director of the South Asia Language and Area Center and the Committee on Southern Asian Studies, University of Chicago "Taxis and Urban Change: The Chillia Taximen of Mumbai." The taxi is the quintessential urban symbol and arguably the taxi driver embodies a very particular kind of place within the matrix of urban transport and urban labor. This paper aims to theorize the labor of taxi driving in Mumbai within the larger context of urban transport infrastructures, working class formations, and urban citizenship. It is based on fieldwork with Chillia taxi-drivers, Muslim migrants from Gujarat who have settled in Northern Mumbai. It examines the ways in which this community constructs its place within Mumbai’s larger history of urban transport, as the cities “original” taxi drivers. Through an examination of changes in the taxi-industry as Mumbai seeks to modernize its transport infrastructures, the paper explores the ways in which this hereditary profession is being transformed. It finds that the current efforts to modernize the taxi industry are permanently changing the structures of labor in the city of Mumbai at the same time that they transform the subjectivity of those who see themselves as “original” to the trade. Arafaat Valiani, Department of Sociology, Williams College "Urban Circulation: Roadway Systems and Commerce in Modern Ahmedabad" This paper explores the relationship between modern roads and commerce in the western Indian city of Ahmedabad, primarily in the modern period. In particular, the author examines how various forms of trade have taken place, first, along the narrow bi-lanes of the pols (also mohallas) consisting of a form of wooden row-house that was built from the seventeenth century onward. Second, the essay discusses the emergence of modern forms of commerce in relation to the alignment of roads that were part of the introduction of technology of ‘town planning’ in the colonial period, specifically the early twentieth century, and ‘urban development’ in the postcolonial period (after 1947). Maura Finklestein, Department of Anthropology, Stanford University "Ghosts in the Gallery: Tales of Memory and Materiality" Many working class residents in Central Mumbai have contentious relationships with the cramped and collapsing tenements - or chawls - they call home. However, these buildings often sit overcrowded but untouched for decades, quietly awaiting their eventual redevelopment. Historically occupied by textile mill workers, many impatient tenants vacated their chawls, beginning in the 1970s, and shifted to government-built apartments in the northern suburbs. However, most aspirations for upward mobility were unrealized through this move. In turn, the chawl is refigured as a site of nostalgia and romance, while the newer apartment buildings absorb the disappointment of isolation and stagnated social mobility. Through one family’s experiences of relocation from Lower Parel to Vikhroli East, this paper shows how the movement of poorer residents to the suburbs does not contribute to expected class mobility. Spatial movement, fueled by the stagnation of in-situ redevelopment, leads to the disappointment of horizontal mobility and an ever-deepening relationship with the past. Through the memory of the chawl, a romantic narrative of working class grandeur (associated with the height of the textile industry) obscures the present realities of post-industrialization and a restructuring class system. This paper considers how narratives of displacement and disappointment trace the temporal and spatial configurations of aspiration and ambivalence animating post-industrial relocation in Mumbai.

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          • Concluding Questions and Questioning Conclusions - 2013 Mazatlán Forum


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            At the concluding session the proceedings of the Mazatlán Forum were summarized and contextualized for the sake of attempting to more clearly articulate the questions that must be asked and answered in order to take advantage of the opportunities and address the challenges we face today in Mexico and the United States.

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            • Hawaii vs. Stanford with Steven Hunt and Eric Shoji and Nick Castello


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              Hawaii vs. Stanford with Steven Hunt and Eric Shoji and Nick Castello Steven Hunt (Hawaii,black): Nr. 5 Eric Shoji (Stanford): Libero Nick Castello (Hawaii, black): Libero

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              • Civility at the LImit of the Political: Session II with Dipesh Chakrabarty and Vinayak Chaturvedi


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                Dipesh Chakrabarty Civility, Incivility, and Some Indian Arguments About the West My talk will focus on how the West figured in cultural debates in India before independence and contrast that with debates today to highlight both the legacy of civility that anti-colonial nationalism in India bequeathed to the nation and its subsequent erosion in postcolonial politics. Vinayak Chaturvedi Hindu Civility and the Impossibility of Hindutva In Six Glorious Epochs of Indian History, published in 1971, V.D. Savarkar argues that only those individuals who fully embody the principles of Hindutva exhibit “Hindu civility.” In contrast, he does not consider Hindus who claim to be refined, polite, courteous, and non-violent to have any understanding of civility. In fact, he suggests that these individuals are actually uncivilized. Savarkar’s discussion of “Hindu civility” is connected to a larger discussion of the Hindu codes of conduct during periods of what he calls the “Hindu-Muslim epic wars.” Savarkar’s interpretation of sabhyata challenged the existing contemporary debates on civility in colonial and postcolonial India. His point was not simply to provide counterarguments to the normative or accepted understanding of civility, or to reject the interpretations of his contemporaries who linked civility to passive resistance, satyagraha, or non-violence. Instead, Savarkar wanted to assert his interpretation of Hindu civility within public discourse as a way to promote the essentials of Hindutva. For Savarkar, this means that Hindus need to exhibit bravery, valor, and heroism at every stage of their lives to protect the civilization at all costs. The Hindu code of conduct needs to be at the center of all interactions, especially during periods of warfare—the examples he cites in SGE are Muslim invasions, Muslim conversions, and Muslim rule. In many instances, the use of violence is both virtuous and ethical. However, Savarkar points out that many individuals simply rejected the Hindu code of conduct to promote non-violence and toleration of Muslims. Others converted to Islam without any resistance. In effect, the actions and thoughts of these Hindus was an abandonment of Hindu civilization—of Hindu civility, of Hindu sabhyata.

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                • Immigration, Rights, and the Common Good - 2013 Mazatlán Forum


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                  Extended conversation about immigration was spurred by presentations entitled: - "Is It Necessary to Rethink Sovereignty in Questions Concerning Immigration?"; by Patrick Brennan, holder of the John F. Scarpa Chair in Catholic Legal Studies at Villanova University - "Central-American Transmigration in Mexico: Violation of Human Rights in Mexican Territory and its Implications for the USA and Proposals for Public Policy in Mexico and the USA" by Bernardo Méndez Lugo, Mexican Diplomat - "The Contemporary Conundrum: Is It Possible for the U.S. to Aspire to Be Both a 'Nation of Laws' and a 'Nation of Immigrants'?" by Mr. Dan Lungren, DSPT Fellow and former US Congressman - "The New Anti-Immigrant Context and the Migratory Status of Mexican Stylists in Arizona" by Erika Montoya Zavala from the Department of International Studies and Public Policy at the Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa (UAS)

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                  • How to Get a Postdoc Session 2: The Postdoc Application and Selection Processes


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                    November 2, 2012 Panelists discuss how the selection process for postdocs works and strategies for the application process. Panelists include: Cynthia Verba, Director of Fellowships, Harvard University Yuree Soh, Assistant Director, Career Development Center, Stanford Ed Finn, Assistant Professor, Arizona State University Heather Houser, Assistant Professor, University of Texas at Austin Moderated by Claire Jarvis, Assistant Professor of English, Stanford University Presented by Stanford University Department of English & Funded by a SCORE grant from Stanford's Vice Provost of Graduate Education

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                    • Grounding Kashmir: Public Culture and Sentiment


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                      Chair: JISHA MENON, Stanford University ANANYA JAHANARA KABIR, University of Leeds "The Entire Map of the Lost will be Candled: Archives and Counter- Archives for Kashmir" The link between the archive, colonialism, and melancholia, now well established in scholarship, has its inevitable repercussions on the postcolonial nation as inheritor of colonial archiving practices. The postcolonial archive is fraught with contradictions that become most visible at the sutures of the metropolitan and the marginal. Is a form of postcolonial, counter-archival vigilance possible that reroutes the power of the archive in favour of the marginalized and oppressed citizen, or is such an attempt doomed by the archive’s inherent and persistent contradictions? What might such counter-archives look like, even in provisional form? My contribution to the Grounding Kashmir symposium will pose and probe such questions by focusing on the possibility of counter-archives for Kashmir. NOSHEEN ALI, Stanford University "Vexed Emotions: Of Desire, Suspicion, and Sacrifice in Gilgit-Baltistan" “Pakistan nay humaray ahsaasat key saath khela hai” “Pakistan has manipulated/abused our emotions” This is a refrain that is often chanted in Gilgit-Baltistani protests against the Pakistan state, and came up repeatedly during my own interviews and field research in the region. People in Gilgit-Baltistan attribute their political predicament not just to a lack of rights as a result of being imbricated in the Kashmir dispute, but fundamentally to the lack of “trust” (bharosa/aitmad) in the region by the Pakistani state authorities, which signifies a “betrayal” (be-wafai/dhoka) of the region’s own “love” (muhabbat) and “loyalty” (wafadari) to Pakistan. “Pakistan is not sincere with us” – as one interviewee commented to me. In this paper, I argue that we need to take these sentiments of emotional insincerity and ill will seriously, in order to attend to the affective experience of dispossession and (non)- citizenship as well as to gain a grounded understanding of the Kashmir conflict. Simultaneously, we need to grasp how emotion is also a key site for the normalizing processes of state-making in Kashmir, forming the very substance of governing projects instead of its embellishment (Stoler 2004). MONA BHAN, Depauw University "Nature, Water and Bioscripts: Public Interest Litigations and the Cultural Politics of Environmentalism in Kashmir, India" 

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