1. Digital Superiority


    from Scott Symonds / Added

    70 Plays / / 0 Comments

    Original source material here: http://www.flickr.com/photos/14632526@N08/sets/72157634760308258/ Inspired by Wikileaks 'Collateral Murder' video, Manning, Snowden et al.

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    • LA 274 Project 2 - Testing Proxemics and Territoriality at Iowa State University


      from Bambi Yost / Added

      243 Plays / / 0 Comments

      This video was created for a class at Iowa State University called LA 274: Social & Behavioral Landscapes taught by Bambi Yost, Assistant Professor of Landscape Architecture. Students were instructed to test proxemics and territoriality theories so that they better understand human behavior and the built environment. Project 2: Proxemics and Territoriality Created by students: Katie Hamerlinck, Madison Dierks, Melissa Baker, Chris Reis, Bohan Li, Dianna Blais, and Daweyn Albertsen Hypothesis: People will be uncomfortable when their personal space is invaded, more so by a group of people than by an individual. Procedure: Our experiments took place in three different locations: the Memorial Union, The College of Design, and a bus stop. We conducted our experiments by approaching people sitting at tables, on benches, or in a bus stop, and seeing if they became uncomfortable. We approached them individually and in groups to see if the number of people approaching was a factor in how uncomfortable they were. At the Memorial Union: - The experiments were conducted at tables, chairs, and benches. Overall, the people in the experiments tried to ignore us. One girl tweeted about the experience, and another took a picture of the people sitting at her table. One student even told us that she knew what we were doing and not to bother her because she had a test in ten minutes. None of the people initiated a friendly conversation, but everyone was mostly friendly when we initiated conversation. At the College of Design: - The experiments were conducted at tables and benches. Overall, the people in the experiments ignored us, and when we talked to them afterward, they said that they weren’t uncomfortable and that the atmosphere in the CoD is always a little strange, so something like this isn’t unusual. One of the girls in our experiment asked us what we were doing and speculated that we were doing a class experiment, but she didn’t seem bothered. Again, the subjects were a little surprised and confused, but none of them admitted to feeling uncomfortable. At the bus stop: - We only did one experiment here but it consisted of having a large group of people enter the bus shelter. None of the people waiting for the bus said anything, but some of them shifted uncomfortably when a new person entered the shelter. Conclusions: People weren’t as uncomfortable as we thought they might be. Typically, when approached, a person would act surprised and confused as to why someone was sitting them, but then they would go back to whatever they were doing before. Basically, people didn’t ‘defend’ their space or become aggressive, but rather they tried to ignore us and do something on their own. If we initiated conversation, they would talk to us, but hardly anyone initiated conversation. We can assume that people internalize their discomfort instead of verbalizing their feelings and would rather deal with an awkward situation than defend their space against strangers. People seemed more intimidated by a group of people compared to an individual person, but it did not affect their actions.

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      • LA 274 Project 2 Testing Proxemics & Territoriality - Bursting Bubbles


        from Bambi Yost / Added

        129 Plays / / 0 Comments

        LA 274 Social and Behavioral Landscapes, Project 2 - 4/16/13 Created by Iowa State University Students: Jiahuan Cai, Xiaofei Zhao, Junyao Lu, Nanqi Dai, Tara Bounds, Shannon Hoy, Tyson Marinis, Cormac Diggins Introduction For this project were asked to make at least twenty observations of people having their personal space invaded. We were to focus on how these people react and behave when under the pressure of each study. The experiments we performed relate to both the concepts of proximity and territoriality. Hypothesis We predicted that people would feel uncomfortable, largely because we felt uncomfortable about consciously invading other peoples’ space. We expected that people would be more socially interactive in public spaces and more reserved in private spaces (i.e. outdoor pathways vs. certain places in the library). We also expected people to be confrontational when we invaded their territories (i.e. workspaces) or when we established our own in public spaces (i.e. busy stairwells). Proxemics We did several experiments testing people’s reactions when we invaded their personal space. A large group of people had a tendency to ignore or avoid our provocations. We tested blatant physical contact, moving in closer and closer until we got a reaction. One subject avoided the situation entirely by getting up and leaving. Another ignored us, even when we made physical contact by putting our legs on theirs. Most subjects would eventually ask what we were doing, if it was for a class, and why we were recording them. Territoriality We tested how people would react when their territory was invaded either by our presence or by spreading out our stuff in their work space. In these situations, like proxemics, people would do their best to ignore the situation. When we blocked a well-used stairwell in the library, we irritated some people, and were ignored by other people. One female student commented that we were creating a fire hazard. Free Hugs We decided to test how people would react if we advertised free hugs. Would people be willing to make physical contact with a complete stranger? How would environmental context affect their reaction? We wanted to approach people non-aggressively, and see whether they would make the conscious decision to make physical contact with us. We observed that no one wanted to be the first one and instead would look at their peers for approval. Some people would specifically try to avoid us by averting their eyes and by recoiling. They would see the situation and steer away from it. There were trends. If one person got a hug, then others around them would be more willing to participate. We didn’t observe a clear difference in behavior between the genders. Guys tended to be more forward, and women tended to be more reserved. But it also depended on the person. In certain cases, the subject would begrudgingly accept a hug, feeling emasculated or subjugated. Many did it because they thought it would be funny. Others genuinely wanted a hug. Table Crowding In this experiment, we tested the reactions of those already established at tables. Random High Fives This was a small side experiment where we would initiate high fives to individuals on campus. In every case, we would get a high five, even when it was inconvenient for the subject (i.e. when they had their hands full). We assumed that some people would avoid the interaction completely. Stair Block This experiment consisted of several group members occupying a heavily used stairwell in Parks Library. In this study we tried two different formations, in order to see how and why people reacted and navigated through us. Standing in Line In this experiment, it was imperative to gauge the reactions of those standing in line when we got close to them. Conclusion Overall we were surprised by the lack of reaction from the majority of test subjects. We found a recurring theme was to be ignored and avoided, rather than confronted. In the context of a college campus, students are more open to unusual behaviors, and often very focused on what they are doing (they make it a habit to block out other people in crowded work environments). Students see each other every day, and some people were expecting us to be roaming around performing experiments. Our attitude and body language affected how people reacted to our experiments.

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        • Grounding Kashmir: Territories of Violence


          from Center for South Asia / Added

          184 Plays / / 0 Comments

          Chair: THOMAS BLOM HANSEN, Stanford University CABEIRI D. ROBINSON, University of Washington, Seattle "The Territoriality of the Refugee Body and the Sovereignty of Azad Kashmir" In this presentation, I examine the history and historicity of the “refugee of Jammu and Kashmir” as a rights-bearing political subject in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistan. Its history is grounded in the development of the ‘Hereditary State Subject’ as a political identity in the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir though which the ‘people of the State of Jammu and Kashmir’ (aw~m-e-riy~sat or aw~m-e-Kashm§r) struggled to define and enforce limits on absolute sovereignty and grounded their rights claims against the monarchical state. Its historicity emerged from the ways that multiple social groups, political parties and the regional successor states of the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir employed the symbolic territoriality inherent in categories of political identity to make claims on absent and lost geographic territories by claiming to represent the displaced and the dispossessed. On the contested political terrain, the Kashmir borderlands extend not only across the disputed Line of Control or in to the disputed “occupied” territories, but also through the indeterminate sovereignty of the bodies of its subjects. ANGANA CHATTERJEE, California Institute of Integral Studies "Archaeologies of Violence: Regularized States of Exception in India-ruled Kashmir" How does engaging the effects of India’s rule in Kashmir demand an acknowledgement of India’s neo-imperial configuration as “nation” and a recognition of the nation as a compulsorily violent and heteronormative entity? Citing the work of the International People’s Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice in India-held Kashmir, I elaborate on military governance and the shaping of a people’s tribunal to solicit counter-memory. In what ways might the work of “writing Kashmir” constitute a feminist praxis, one that integrates critiques of gendered violence and attention to the complex labor of witnessing as intervention instantiated by the People’s Tribunal?

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          • Territorial Aggression Between Carolina Anole Males.


            from Uzay Sezen / Added

            594 Plays / / 0 Comments

            It seems not much has changed since the cretaceous. Reptiles continue to be impolite towards each other. I noticed this aggressive behavior between two male Carolina anoles (Anolis carolinensis) while I was preparing to film a pair of female wasps competing to oviposit in the same crack on a log. At first, I thought a brown anole (Anolis sagrei) was attacking a green anole. Brown anole is an introduced species to southeastern United States and its population is expanding towards north since 1940s. I was wrong. It was a territorial dispute between two Carolina anoles. As I was filming the drama, a runner approached and distracted the aggressor (you can hear the foot steps in the background). Brown one retreated by making victorious display of his red dewlap. Green anole was very shaken. Just as I was thinking the whole ordeal was over a yellow jacket wasp came out of nowhere and began to harass the poor thing. I couldn't stand the nature red in teeth and claw scene and intervened. I chased the wasp away and hid the green dude under an oak leaf. An hour later on my way back, I curiously checked under the leaf. It was gone.

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            • Territoriality: Protecting the American Dream [1:04]


              from Penny Perkins / Added

              75 Plays / / 0 Comments

              Dogs claim their territories with their bodily fluids. We humans claim our territories by walls and security gates and locks and guard dogs and “keep out” signs, and all other measures of saying "stay ye away from my materials and property." At the same time, our culture bombards us with messages to fill our homes to the brim with sacrosanct material items. This creates a vicious circle of consumption and protectionism. If we didn't have so many "things" to protect from confiscation and loss, would we be so paranoid about guarding our private property and maintaining our territories?

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              • There Will be Bloodhound


                from Michael T. Patton / Added

                819 Plays / / 0 Comments

                The American Puppy Project follows unwanted pit bull Jackie Brown as she finds her way in the world. This webisode focuses on the huge, loud, booming voiced intact male bloodhound who has moved in next door. The rickety fence will not stop the intact wild dog Kwame Brown and the 110 lb Bloodhound Charlie from knocking it down or going right through it to get at each other. The sensible female Jackie Brown helps "The General" Michael T. Patton reinforce the fence so that he does not come home some day to a blood bath in the backyard. Maybe there would be no fight if the fence were to fall down? We're not taking any chances.

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                • Octofight!


                  from Jon Slayer / Added

                  405 Plays / / 1 Comment

                  Octopus territoriality gets aggressive off Isola Bella, Sicily, as a small contender strays into the path of a heavyweight. Jon Slayer

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