1. The Truth About Global Warming: Brutal Numbers, Tenuous Hope

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    Kevin Anderson is deputy director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research (UK). In this 57-minute talk (given in July, 2011) he tells us straight from the shoulder the truth about global warming and what's in store for us in the next 20 years as we head for a world that averages 4 degrees Celsius [7 degrees Fahrenheit] warmer than the pre-industrial world -- averaging even warmer on land and far warmer at the poles. As Anderson says, if we know the truth about this, then maybe -- just maybe -- we can do something about it. If we don't know the truth, then we can do nothing.

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    • Why mitigation must target energy efficiency - Charlie Wilson’s research in Nature Climate Change

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      Much more must be done to develop energy efficient cars, buildings and domestic appliances to address climate change – according to new research from the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of East Anglia. A report published today in Nature Climate Change shows that twice as much effort is being spent on developing energy supply technologies - such as new power stations - than is spent on improving the efficiency with which energy is used. The research shows that efficient end-use technologies have the potential to contribute large emission reductions and provide higher social returns on investment - so the imbalance in current innovation efforts must be redressed to mitigate climate change. Dr Charlie Wilson, of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at UEA and an affiliated researcher with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), led the study with an international team of scientists from Austria and the USA. They found that innovation efforts directed by public institutions, policies, and resources allocated overwhelmingly favour innovation efforts into energy supply technologies. But this is at the expense of efficiency in energy end-use where the potential gains are higher. Dr Wilson said: “About two-thirds of all public innovation efforts are directed toward energy supply technologies. It is vital that innovations in renewable energy supply continue, but the imbalance in spending needs to be redressed urgently to mitigate climate change. Evidence strongly suggests that energy end use and efficiency currently stand as the most effective ways to mitigate climate change.” The new study assesses energy technology innovation systematically and quantifies the relative emphasis placed on energy supply technologies versus the end-use of energy. The researchers considered three desirable outcomes of energy innovation - the potential for greenhouse gas emission reductions, broader social, environmental and energy security benefits, and the potential for technological improvements. They found that efficiency in energy end-use outperforms supply technologies in all three areas. They occupy a greater share of energy system investments and capacity, and engage higher levels of private sector activity, they offer higher potential cost reductions, and they provide higher social returns and higher emission reduction potentials. But the study shows a disproportionately high focus of effort invested in innovation in energy supply technologies – right across the energy research and development sector. Study co-author Prof Arnulf Grubler, of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and Yale University, said: “Efficiency gets short shrift in both public energy research and development, and in private market investments alike. “In contrast, improvements in technologies like domestic appliances and more energy-efficient transport are underrepresented given their potential for mitigating climate change.” According to the International Energy Agency, the total public sector research and development spend for all energy end-use and efficiency innovations from 1974–2008 was around $38 billion. “This is less than the $41 billion spent on nuclear fusion alone - a single, and highly uncertain energy supply option which is still to make any contribution to a low carbon future,” added Prof Grubler. Meanwhile subsidies for fossil fuels, estimated at around $500 billion, dwarf innovation investments of around $160billion into non-fossil fuel energy. Dr Wilson said: “Directed innovation efforts are trying to push energy supply technologies to mitigate climate change into a market that‟s already heavily occupied by subsidised incumbents. “The multitude of small-scale innovations that improve end-use efficiency often go unnoticed because they don‟t have the glamour of solar panels and wind turbines, and they don‟t benefit from the well-established institutions, powerful market interests, and political influence that support supply technologies such as fossil fuels, nuclear, and wind and solar power. Yet end-use efficiency innovations have more potential and provide higher social returns on investments.” "Marginalization of end-use technologies in energy innovation for climate protection‟ is published in Nature Climate Change on October 26, 2012. The study was conducted by an international team of researchers including Charlie Wilson from the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, at UEA (UK), Arnulf Grubler from IIASA (Austria) and the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies at Yale University, (USA) Kelly Sims Gallagher from the Fletcher School at Tufts University (USA), and Gregory Nemet from the La Follette School of Public Affairs at the University of Wisconsin (USA). It builds on a collaboration and research carried under the auspices of the Global Energy Assessment (GEA).

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      • Kate Brown on 'What is resilience?' (Southwold Resilience Workshop 2010)

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        • Professor Corinne Le Quere describes the latest global carbon project emissions for 2012

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          Global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are set to rise again in 2012, reaching a record high of 35.6 billion tonnes - according to new figures from the Global Carbon Project, co-led by researchers from the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of East Anglia (UEA). Read more: http://tyndall.ac.uk/communication/news-archive/2012/record-high-global-carbon-emissions

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          • Professor John Shepherd on Geo Engineering

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            Professor John Shepherd on Geo Engineering ABOUT JOHN Professorial Research Fellow in Earth System Science, School of Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, UK Professor Shepherd is also Deputy Director (External Science Coordination) of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, and a Fellow of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1999. His current research interests include the natural variability of the climate system on long time-scales, and the development and use of intermediate complexity models (especially GENIE) of the Earth climate system, for the interpretation of the palaeo-climate record, and for long-term projections of climate change.

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            • "Not for Experts": Professor Corinne Le Quere on The Physical Basis of Climate Change

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              Part of the "The Not for Experts Seminar Series" Not for Experts are occasional presentations from the Tyndall Centre aimed at explaining the underlying principles of climate change research. They originate as webcasts to the Tyndall (early career) Researcher Network to help train their interdisciplinary understanding of climate change research. The Physical Basis of Climate Change, Professor Corinne Le Quere. This first Not for Experts is by the Director of the Tyndall Centre, Professor Corinne Le Quere. Professor Le Quere explains how climate data is collected and assembled, how it is used by modellers to assess the human contribution to recent climate change, and how it is synthesized by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and reveals the recent trends to 2011 where data is available.

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              • Tyndall Assembly 2012- Hou Yangfang

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                Cardiff Tyndall Assembly 2012 Professor Hou Yangfang of Fudan University (Shanghai, China) discusses his research.

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                • Public debate: Can we re-engineer cities to be forces for environmental good?

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                  Public debate: Can we re-engineer cities to be forces for environmental good?, Introduction.

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                  • Shobhakar Dhakal (Global Carbon Project, Tsukuba, Japan)

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                    Tyndall Assembly 2011. Public debate: Can we re-engineer cities to be forces for environmental good?

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